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Primary small cell oesophageal carcinoma (SCOC) is rare, prognosis is poor and there is no established optimum treatment strategy. It shares many clinicopathologic features with small cell carcinoma of the lung; therefore, a similar staging and treatment strategy was adopted. Sixteen cases referred to Velindre hospital between 1998 and 2005 were identified.(More)
AIMS The role of radiotherapy to the prostate bed after radical prostatectomy is the subject of much debate. We carried out a retrospective analysis of all patients treated with either adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) or salvage radiotherapy (SRT) in a single UK cancer centre and compared outcomes with published studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS All patients(More)
The objectives of this study are to evaluate patient outcomes in clinical practice using gemcitabine and carboplatin (GCarbo) as first-line treatment in metastatic transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urothelium, and to review the published evidence on the use of GCarbo in this setting. From July 2003, all cases of metastatic TCC of the urothelium(More)
AIMS Primary small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the urinary bladder is rare, accounting for less than 1% of all primary bladder malignancies. Metastases are often present at the time of diagnosis, prognosis is poor and there is no established optimum treatment strategy. Small cell carcinoma of the lung (SCLC) shares many clinicopathological features with SCC of(More)
AIMS The outcome of patients with pancreatic cancer from an unselected population within a UK region has not previously been reported. We undertook a review of pancreatic cancer in southeast Wales, with an emphasis on locally advanced non-metastatic pancreatic cancer (LANPC) in an attempt to define a subgroup of patients who would probably benefit from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A variety of radiotherapy fractionations are used as potentially curative treatments for non-small cell lung cancer. In the UK, 55 Gy in 20 fractions over 4 weeks (55/20) is the most commonly used fractionation schedule, though it has not been validated in randomized phase III trials. This audit pooled together existing data from 4 UK(More)
Earlier observations on infertility related to sulphasalazine treatment were extended and semen samples obtained from 28 patients with inflammatory bowel disease on treatment with sulphasalazine at 2-4 g per day. Semen was examined for changes in density, motility, and morphology before, during, and after withdrawal of sulphasalazine. Gross semen(More)
The main objective of this study was to describe longitudinal patterns of spinal bone loss in normal women who undergo a natural menopause. The second objective was to determine if a proportion of women suffer excessively rapid postmenopausal bone loss from the spine. If this was the case it was the aim to devise a means of predicting the women at excess(More)
The size of the heads of spermatozoa from eight men with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treated with sulfasalazine (SS) were measured by image analysis. These were compared with the size of sperm heads from noncolitic men with normal semen indices and with the sperm head size of noncolitic oligospermic men. The patients on SS therapy had a(More)
BACKGROUND Patients treated with standard chemotherapy for metastatic or relapsed cervical cancer respond poorly to conventional chemotherapy (response achieved in 20-30% of patients) with an overall survival of less than 1 year. High tumour angiogenesis and high concentrations of intratumoural VEGF are adverse prognostic features. Cediranib is a potent(More)