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Infection with HTLV-1 is associated with bronchiectasis in Indigenous Australians. Previous studies have not determined HTLV-1 proviral loads (pvl), which predict risk of other HTLV-1 associated inflammatory diseases, such as HTLV-1 associated myelopathy. Thirty-six Indi-bronchiectasis, but no other HTLV-1 related disease, were prospectively recruited and(More)
INTRODUCTION In resource-poor areas, infectious diseases may be important causes of morbidity among individuals infected with the Human T-Lymphotropic Virus type 1 (HTLV-1). We report the clinical associations of HTLV-1 infection among socially disadvantaged Indigenous adults in central Australia. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS HTLV-1 serological(More)
BACKGROUND We previously suggested that infection with the human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) subtype C is associated with bronchiectasis among Indigenous Australians. Bronchiectasis might therefore result from an HTLV-1-mediated inflammatory process that is typically associated with a high HTLV-1 proviral load (PVL). Human T-lymphotropic virus type(More)
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