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BACKGROUND The psychoactive stimulant 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as "ecstasy," is widely used in nonmedical settings. Little is known about its cardiovascular effects. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the acute cardiovascular effects of MDMA by using transthoracic two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. DESIGN Four-session,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention aimed at increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables. DESIGN The intervention programme increased the provision of fruits and vegetables in schools and provided a range of point-of-purchase marketing materials, newsletters for children and parents, and teacher(More)
OBJECTIVES The feasibility of velocity-encoded cine nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging to measure regurgitant volume and regurgitant fraction in patients with mitral regurgitation was evaluated. BACKGROUND Velocity-encoded cine NMR imaging has been reported to provide accurate measurement of the volume of blood flow in the ascending aorta and(More)
Although the anteroposterior dimension of the left atrium is universally used in clinical practice and research, we hypothesized that it may be an inaccurate surrogate for volume because its use is based on the unlikely assumption that there is a constant relation among atrial dimensions. The following measurements of the left atrium were made at end(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Assessing food choice and/or nutrient intake in older people, particularly the oldest old (85 years and over), presents particular challenges. In some cases the respondent may have little or no involvement in food acquisition or preparation, in others, cognitive/memory impairment may restrict the ability to recall intake, or physical(More)
Murine models of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy recently have been developed. We tested the accuracy of 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic measurement of LV mass with high-frequency imaging in mice. Ten anesthetized mice (weight 20 to 31 g, aged 1 to 5 months) were examined with a 15-MHz transthoracic linear-array transducer. End-diastolic myocardial(More)
A number of methods have been developed to assist subjects in providing an estimate of portion size but their application in improving portion size estimation by children has not been investigated systematically. The aim was to develop portion size assessment tools for use with children and to assess the accuracy of children's estimates of portion size(More)
UNLABELLED Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a major determinant of outcome in cardiac surgery. The location and mechanism of mitral lesions determine the approach to various repairs and their feasibility. Because of incomplete evaluations or change in patient condition, detailed intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination of the mitral(More)
Velocity-encoded cine MRI (VEC-MRI) can measure volume flow at specified site in the heart. This study used VEC-MRI to measure flow across the mitral valve to compare the contribution of atrial systole to left atrial filling in normal subjects and patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. The study population consisted of 12 normal subjects (mean age 34.5(More)
Velocity-encoded cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides two-dimensional velocity maps of a cross-sectional area of a vessel. Pulmonary flow and flow patterns in the main pulmonary artery were analyzed with velocity-encoded cine MR imaging and Doppler echocardiography in 10 patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), one patient with a dilated main(More)