Emma Boström

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The blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of oxycodone was studied in rats. Microdialysis probes were inserted into the striatum and vena jugularis. Ten animals were given a bolus dose followed by a 120-min constant rate infusion to study the steady-state concepts of oxycodone BBB equilibration. Another 10 animals were given a 60-min constant rate infusion to(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the in vivo influence of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor PSC833 on the plasma pharmacokinetics, total brain concentrations and tail-flick latency of oxycodone in rats. Eight rats each received an infusion of PSC833 or vehicle without PSC833. One hour later, all animals received 0.3 mg/kg oxycodone as a 1-h(More)
Food spoilage caused by molds is a severe problem. In food and feed, e.g. dairy products, sourdough bread and silage, lactic acid bacteria are used as starter cultures. Besides lactic and acetic acid, some strains produce other low molecular weight compounds with antifungal activities. One of these metabolites is phenyllactic acid (PLA), well known for its(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport and pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PKPD) relationship of oxymorphone and to further elucidate its possible contribution to oxycodone analgesia. The BBB transport of oxymorphone was studied using microdialysis in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Samples from microdialysis blood(More)
The aim of this study was to quantify the olfactory transfer of morphine to the brain hemispheres by comparing brain tissue and plasma morphine levels after nasal administration with those after intravenous administration. Morphine (1.0 mg/kg body weight) was administered via the right nostril or intravenously as a 15-min constant-rate infusion to male(More)
One of the crucial issues in quantitative microdialysis is the reliability of recovery estimates to correctly estimate unbound drug tissue concentrations. If a deuterated calibrator is used for retrodialysis, the calibrator has the same properties as the study drug. However, recovery of the calibrator may be affected by the presence of the drug in the(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the brain pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relations of unbound oxycodone and morphine to investigate the influence of blood-brain barrier transport on differences in potency between these drugs. METHODS Microdialysis was used to obtain unbound concentrations in brain and blood. The antinociceptive(More)
Stimulation of nicotinic cholinergic systems has been shown to alleviate ADHD symptoms and to improve cognitive performance. AZD1446 is a selective α4β2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist with potential effect on the symptoms of ADHD. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of AZD1446 in adults with ADHD(More)
The histamine H3 receptor represents an appealing central nervous system drug target due to its important role in the neurobiology of cognition and wake-sleep regulation. The therapeutic benefit of H3 antagonists/inverse agonists may be hampered by disruption of sleep that has been observed in humans with prolonged high H3 receptor occupancy (H3RO),(More)
Sensitive and reproducible methods for the determination of oxycodone, oxymorphone and noroxycodone in Ringer solution, rat plasma and rat brain tissue by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry are described. Deuterated analogs of the substances were used as internal standards. Samples in Ringer solution were analyzed by direct injection of 10 microL(More)