Emine Ercikan Abali

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Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzyme catalyzes tetrahydrofolate regeneration by reduction of dihydrofolate using NADPH as a cofactor. Tetrahydrofolate and its one carbon adducts are required for de novo synthesis of purines and thymidylate, as well as glycine, methionine and serine. DHFR inhibition causes disruption of purine and thymidylate biosynthesis(More)
Human dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) protein levels rapidly increase upon exposure to methotrexate, a potent inhibitor of this enzyme. A model to explain this increase proposes that DHFR inhibits its own translation by binding to its cognate mRNA and that methotrexate disrupts the DHFR protein-mRNA complex allowing its translation to resume. In the present(More)
E2F-1, a key transcription factor necessary for cell growth, DNA repair, and differentiation, is an attractive target for development of anticancer drugs in tumors that are E2F "oncogene addicted". We identified a peptide isolated from phage clones that bound tightly to the E2F-1 promoter consensus sequence. The peptide was coupled to penetratin to enhance(More)
We have observed that rodent cell lines (mouse, hamster) contain approximately 10 times the levels of dihydrofolate reductase as human cell lines, yet the sensitivity to methotrexate (ED(50)), the folate antagonist that targets this enzyme, is similar. Our previous studies showed that dihydrofolate reductase protein levels increased after methotrexate(More)
E2F-1, a key transcription factor necessary for cell growth, DNA repair and differentiation, is an attractive target for development of useful anticancer drugs in tumors that are E2F "oncogene addicted". A peptide, isolated from phage clones, based on its binding to an E2F-1 consensus sequence, was cytotoxic against a wide range of cancer cell lines. The(More)
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), because of its essential role in DNA synthesis, has been targeted for the treatment of a wide variety of human diseases, including cancer, autoimmune diseases, and infectious diseases. Methotrexate (MTX), a tight binding inhibitor of DHFR, is one of the most widely used drugs in cancer treatment and is especially effective in(More)
NAD(+) kinase (NADK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(+)) using ATP as the phosphate donor. NADP(+) is then reduced to NADPH by dehydrogenases, in particular glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and the malic enzymes. NADPH functions as an important cofactor in a(More)
NAD(+) kinase (NADK) is the only known cytosolic enzyme that converts NAD(+) to NADP(+), which is subsequently reduced to NADPH. The demand for NADPH in cancer cells is elevated as reducing equivalents are required for the high levels of nucleotide, protein, and fatty acid synthesis found in proliferating cells as well as for neutralizing high levels of(More)
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is an essential enzyme involved in de novo purine and thymidine biosynthesis. For several decades, selective inhibition of DHFR has proven to be a potent therapeutic approach in the treatment of various cancers including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, osteogenic sarcoma, carcinoma of the breast, and head(More)
For successful delivery of basic science topics for health-professional students, it is critical to reduce apprehension and illustrate relevance to clinical settings and everyday life. At the beginning of the Biochemistry course for Physician Assistants, a team-based assignment was designed to develop an understanding of the mechanism of action,(More)