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In this study, the effect of dynamic stabilizers on the patellofemoral (PF) joint was investigated in normal volunteers (group I) and in patients with patellar pain (group II) or instability (group III) by using computed tomography (CT) analysis and integrated electromyography (iEMG) of the quadriceps muscle. Nine subjects (16 knees) from group I, 10(More)
We conducted this cadaveric study to define a biomechanical rationale for rotator cuff function in several deficiency states. A dynamic shoulder testing apparatus was used to examine change in middle deltoid muscle force and humeral translation associated with simulated rotator cuff tendon paralyses and various sizes of rotator cuff tears. Supraspinatus(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of chronic knee pain on neural control of the nearby quadriceps muscle. METHODS Motor-evoked potentials (MEP) in response to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex, maximal M responses, patellar tendon responses, and EMG activity during maximal isometric contraction were recorded from the right vastus(More)
The purposes of this multi-center study were: (a) to document the location and type of meniscal and chondral lesions that accompany anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, and (b) to test for possible relationships between these lesions and patient age, time from initial injury (TFI), and sports level (i.e., recreation, amateur, professional, and national).(More)
Recent evidence has shown that the superior glenohumeral ligament (SGHL) and coracohumeral ligament (CHL) are important static stabilizers. To clarify the function of these two ligaments, we studied their tensile properties with bone-ligament-bone complexes from fresh-frozen shoulders, 10 SGHLs and 10 CHLs. Each ligament's cross-sectional area was measured,(More)
In this study, the geometric and mechanical properties of the long head of the biceps tendon were determined in order to elucidate its role in shoulder stability. We used a laser-micrometer system to measure the cross-sectional area and shape of seven fresh-frozen tendons at three levels: proximal, middle, and distal levels. The cross-sectional areas were(More)
Several factors may be responsible for osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The detrimental effect of the surgical technique may explain part of the progression of the pathologic process. In this study, the effect of ACL reconstruction on articular cartilage was investigated by measuring proteoglycan fragments (PF) in(More)
A 16-year-old male basketball player had sustained an injury upon landing after a forceful jump. Plain radiography demonstrated bilateral tibial tubercle avulsion fracture involving partially proximal physis. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed at once. Continuous passive motion was started immediately after operation, and the patient was(More)
The surface of diarthrodial joints is covered by hyaline cartilage whose regeneration capacity is extremely limited. Conventional surgical techniques enable repair of full-thickness articular cartilage defects only by fibrous cartilage having poor mechanical properties. Recently, new techniques have been developed to provide hyaline or hyaline-like repair(More)
The main purpose of the study is to investigate the inversion/eversion muscle strength balance of the ankle in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). A dysbalance of these muscles may play a role in the pathophysiology of MTSS. Another aim is to measure the medial longitudinal arch and navicular drop in patients with MTSS. A total of 11(More)