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Leptin preserves lean tissue but decreases adipose tissue by increasing lipolysis and/or inhibiting lipogenesis. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is a primary regulator of lipolysis, but it is not known if leptin increases norepinephrine turnover (NETO) in white adipose tissue. In this study, we examined the effect of leptin administered either as a(More)
Leptin increases sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity in brown adipose tissue and renal nerves. Experiments described here tested whether SNS innervation is required for peripheral, physiological concentrations of leptin to reduce body fat. In experiment 1, one epididymal (EPI) fat pad was sympathectomized by local injection of 6-hydroxydopamine(More)
It is unclear what contribution food intake and metabolism have in causing weight loss after administering a dose of nicotine equivalent to smoking one to three packs of cigarettes per day because previous studies have been of a very short duration. To address this question, male Sprague Dawley rats were housed in computerized food intake modules and fed 45(More)
Mice subjected to restraint stress (RRS) daily for 3 days lose weight. Once stress ends they are slow to recover the weight loss and exhibit increased anxiety and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity in response to novel stressors. We tested the effect of RRS in mice deficient in corticotropin releasing factor receptor one (CRFR1-KO) or two(More)
The contribution of the caudal brainstem to adaptation to starvation was tested using chronically maintained decerebrate (CD) and neurologically intact controls. All rats were gavage fed an amount of diet that maintained weight gain in controls. CD rats were subjected to a two-stage surgery to produce a complete transection of the neuroaxis at the(More)
Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter, has been implicated in the control of feeding behavior. This study was conducted to investigate the in vitro release of GABA in the basal medial hypothalamus (BMH) of hyperphagic lactating (L) and control nonlactating (NL) rats. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 10) were ad lib fed a(More)
Loss of body fat in leptin-treated animals has been attributed to reduced energy intake, increased thermogenesis, and preferential fatty acid oxidation. Leptin does not decrease food intake or body fat in leptin-resistant high-fat (HF)-fed mice, possibly due to a failure of leptin to activate hypothalamic receptors. We measured energy expenditure of male(More)
Leptin preserves lean tissue, but decreases adipose tissue by increasing lipolysis and/or inhibiting lipogenesis. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is a primary regulator of lipolysis but it is not known if leptin increases norepinephrine turnover (NETO) in white adipose tissue. In this study we examined the effect of leptin administered either as a(More)
Previous studies of hepatic insulin gene therapy (HIGT) focused on glycemic effects of insulin produced from hepatocytes. In this study, we extend the observations of glycemic control with metabolically regulated HIGT to include systemic responses and whole-body metabolism. An insulin transgene was administered with an adenoviral vector(More)
Chronically decerebrate (CD) rats, in which the forebrain and its descending projections are completely neurally isolated from hindbrain and rostral projections, gain substantial amounts of body fat, lose lean tissue, and have low circulating testosterone concentrations. We tested whether testosterone replacement would normalize body composition of male CD(More)
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