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The differing effects of O-methylated catecholamines and their dihydroxyphenyl precursors on the production of *OH were quantified using a previously established specific salicylate hydroxylation assay in conjunction with a sensitive electrochemical detection system. The production of *OH by the Fenton reaction was diminished significantly by O-methylated(More)
Quinoid precursors of melanin and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during melanogenesis have been implicated as cytotoxic molecules in the immune responses of insects against their internal metazoan parasites. No study has yet identified the killing components produced in conjunction with melanotic encapsulation responses, or explained how(More)
High pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED) was employed in conjugation with a sensitive and specific salicylate hydroxylation assay to evaluate the immediate effects of hydroxyl radical (.OH) attack on four catechol intermediates of eumelanin, dopamine (3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine), its precursor dopa(More)
The augmented production of nitric oxide (NO) was observed during the hemocyte-mediated melanotic encapsulation responses of Drosophila melanogaster and D. teissieri. When introduced into the hemocoel of D. melanogaster larvae, NO activated the gene encoding the antimicrobial peptide Diptericin. These observations, together with previous studies documenting(More)
Host larvae of Drosophila melanogaster injected with the eicosanoid biosynthesis inhibitor, dexamethasone, prior to parasitization by the wasp Leptopilina boulardi, exhibited significantly reduced rates of melanotic encapsulation in comparison with control and saline-injected larvae. The results of this investigation suggest that prostaglandins and other(More)
The ability of iron chelates to promote hydroxyl radical (.OH) formation from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) via Fenton chemistry was exploited to detect H2O2 produced during the oxidations of the eumelanin precursors 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI) and 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA). H2O2 generation during the autooxidations of DHI and DHICA was(More)
The role of dietary yeast in Drosophila melanogaster cellular immunity was investigated. Host larvae deprived of yeast immediately after parasitization by the cynipid wasp Leptopilina boulardi encapsulated a significantly lower percentage of the parasitoid's eggs than hosts transferred to a medium with yeast. When the transfers of hosts were made 24 hr(More)
There is considerable evidence implicating iron and other redox-active transition metals as progenitors of reactive intermediates of oxygen (ROI), molecules which lead to oxidative stress and contribute to various neurodegenerative processes. An important aspect of such metal-mediated damage to biomolecules is the site-specific nature of such pathological(More)
A sensitive electrochemical detection system was employed together with a specific salicylate hydroxylation assay to comparatively assess the effects of various substances on the iron-mediated generation of the hydroxyl radical (.OH). Hydroxyl radical production was found to be enhanced significantly by reduced glutathione, cysteine, ascorbic acid, and(More)