Emily S Walker

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Gene knockout studies in mice suggest that presenilin 1 (PS1) is the major gamma-secretase and that it contributes disproportionately to amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide generation from beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), whereas PS2 plays a more minor role. Based on this and other observations we hypothesized that familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) mutations(More)
Generation of A beta from the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) requires a series of proteolytic processes, including an intramembranous cleavage catalyzed by an aspartyl protease, gamma-secretase. Two aspartates in presenilins (PS) are required for gamma-secretase activity (D257 and D385 of PS1), suggesting that PS may be part of this protease. Little(More)
The Alzheimer's disease-linked protein, presenilin, forms the active site of the gamma-secretase enzyme complex. However, three other proteins, nicastrin (NCT), PEN-2 and APH-1, are required for enzyme activity. This complex is responsible for cleaving the beta-amyloid precursor protein to produce amyloid beta and the intracellular domain (AICD). Although(More)
Presenilins (PS) are thought to contain the active site for presenilinase endoproteolysis of PS and gamma-secretase cleavage of substrates. The structural requirements for PS incorporation into the gamma-secretase enzyme complex, complex stability and maturation, and appropriate presenilinase and gamma-secretase activity are poorly understood. We used(More)
Mutations in the presenilin genes (PS) account for most cases of familial Alzheimer's disease. PS contain the active site of the gamma-secretase complex that cleaves within the transmembrane domain of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Full-length PS undergoes regulated endoproteolysis to produce fragments that comprise the active form of PS. The(More)
The structural requirements for presenilin (PS) to produce active presenilinase and gamma-secretase enzymes are poorly understood. Here we investigate the role the cytoplasmic C-terminal region of PS1 plays in PS1 activity. Deletion or addition of residues at the PS C-terminus has been reported to inhibit presenilinase endoproteolysis of PS and alter(More)
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