Emily S. Gardinier

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BACKGROUND The current standard of practice for an athlete to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is varied. Attempt to return to activity is typically advised 6 months after surgery, but functional performance deficits and gait abnormalities are often still evident and may have important implications on future function. (More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury predisposes individuals to early-onset knee joint osteoarthritis (OA). Abnormal joint loading is apparent after ACL injury and reconstruction. The relationship between altered joint biomechanics and the development of knee OA is unknown. HYPOTHESIS Altered knee joint kinetics and medial compartment(More)
UNLABELLED Adequate test-retest reliability of model estimates is a necessary precursor to examining treatment effects or longitudinal changes in individuals. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to establish thresholds for minimal detectable change (MDC) for joint contact forces obtained using a patient specific EMG-driven musculoskeletal model of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate if the peak knee flexor moment (pKFM) provides unique and meaningful information about peak medial compartment loading above and beyond what is obtained from the peak knee adduction moment. METHODS Standard video-based motion capture and EMG recordings were collected for 10 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructed subjects(More)
UNLABELLED The decreased internal knee extensor moment is a significant gait asymmetry among patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency, yet the muscular strategy driving this altered moment for the injured limb is unclear. PURPOSE This study aimed to determine whether patients with ACL deficiency and characteristic knee instability would(More)
Articular loading is an important factor in the joint degenerative process for individuals with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Evaluation of loading for a population that exhibits neuromuscular compensation for injury requires an approach which can incorporate individual muscle activation strategies in its estimation of muscle forces. The purpose(More)
BACKGROUND After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, contact forces are decreased in the injured knee when compared with the uninjured knee. The persistence of contact force asymmetries after ACL reconstruction may increase the risk of reinjury and may play an important role in the development of knee osteoarthritis in these patients. Functional(More)
BACKGROUND Knee joint contact forces are altered after anterior cruciate ligament injury during walking and may be related to clinically-relevant measures of impairments or self-reported function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of several clinically-relevant measures with altered knee contact forces in patients with anterior(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether there are changes in level walking performance for people using a powered ankle prosthesis that was tuned by an independent, manufacturer-certified prosthetist in accordance with device recommendations. DESIGN Intervention study with cross-over design. SETTING Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Convenience sample of 10 individuals(More)