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Twenty-three naturally occurring and synthetic alkenylbenzene derivatives structurally related to the hepatocarcinogen safrole (1-allyl-3,4-methylenedioxybenzene) were assayed for their hepatocarcinogenicity in mice. Some of these compounds (safrole, estragole, eugenol, anethole, methyleugenol, myristicin, elemicin, and dill and parsley apiols) may be(More)
Vinyl carbamate was much more active (10 to 50 times) than ethyl carbamate for the initiation of skin tumors and for the induction of lung adenomas in mice. Vinyl carbamate was also mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium TA 1535 and TA 100 in the presence of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-fortified rat or mouse liver mitochondrial(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical value of routine computed tomography (CT) of the head in patients with normal mental status after minor head trauma. METHODS We carried out a prospective study of a consecutive series of patients of all ages who presented to our urban university Level I trauma center emergency department with a Glasgow Coma Scale(More)
Approximately 20% of a dose of estragole, a naturally occurring flavoring agent, was excreted in the urine of outbred male CD -1 mice as a conjuage (presumably the glucuronide) of 1'-hydroxyestragole, Estragole and its 1'-hydroxy metabolite caused significant increases in the incidences of hepatocellular carcinomas in male CD-1 mice that received the(More)
Further information on the structure-activity relationships among the synthetic and naturally occurring alkenylbenzene derivatives was obtained by examining their hepatocarcinogenicities for mice following administration of one or a few doses prior to weaning. Under these conditions preweanling male C3H/HeJ mice were more susceptible than male C57BL/6J mice(More)
The Sex comb on midleg (Scm) gene is a member of the Polycomb group (PcG) of genes in Drosophila melanogaster. The PcG genes encode transcriptional repressors required for proper spatial expression of homeotic genes. We report the isolation of new Scm mutations and the molecular characterization of the Scm gene. Scm mRNA is expressed maternally, at peak(More)