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1. Monoplar tungsten micro-electrodes were used to stimulate and platinun plated tungsten micro-electrodes to record from single, unmyelinated cerebellar parallel fibres and lateral Lissauer tract axons in cats. 2. Stimulation of the lateral Lissauer tract resulted in the activation of a narrow, longitudinal 'beam', much as on the cerebellar surface. 3.(More)
Axonal projections of eighty-four rostral medullary expiratory neurones of the Bötzinger complex were tested using antidromic mapping techniques in anaesthetized cats. A projection to the ventral respiratory neurones of the medulla (n.r.a.) was shown in eleven out of twelve tested neurones. Also a spinal projection to the C5-C6 cervical segments was evident(More)
Synaptic connections of the medullary inspiratory neurones of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and nucleus retroambigualis (NRA) with phrenic motoneurones were studied using spike triggered averaging of the synaptic noise of phrenic motoneurones. More than 60% of NTS inspiratory neurones made monosynaptic connections with phrenic motoneurones, while(More)
To make full use of research data, the bioscience community needs to adopt technologies and reward mechanisms that support interoperability and promote the growth of an open 'data commoning' culture. Here we describe the prerequisites for data commoning and present an established and growing ecosystem of solutions using the shared(More)
The investigation examined the synaptic input from medullary respiratory neurons in the nucleus retroambigualis (NRA) to external (EIM) and internal (IIM) intercostal motoneurons. Antidromic mapping revealed that 112/117 (96%) tested NRA units had axons descending into thoracic spinal cord with extensive arborizations at many thoracic segments, mainly(More)
Synaptic connections between medullary expiratory neurons and phrenic motoneurons were studied in anesthetized cats using spike-triggered averaging of synaptic noise in phrenic motoneurons. Monosynaptic inhibition of phrenic motoneurons originating from the rostral medullary expiratory neurons of the Bötzinger complex was revealed. Neither mono- nor(More)
Respiratory neurones from retrofacial (NRF) and Bötzinger nuclei (BOT) were tested electrophysiologically for projection to the contralateral inspiratory region of the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (NTS). Antidromic activation was demonstrated for 30 expiratory neurons (out of a mixed population of 61). There was evidence of extensive branching within(More)
333 units were recorded in laminae 2 and 3 of lumbar cord in decerebrate cats. Recording of small-amplitude spikes was made possible by the use of platinum-surfaced tungsten microelectrodes, continuously variable filters and an analogue delay line display. Stimulation of the lateral Lissauer tract showed that a sample of the units sent axons into this(More)
Experiments were carried out to find if there were post-synaptic effects produced by impulses in the long ranging primary afferents, which had been shown by Wall & Werman (1976) to extend from upper lumbar dorsal roots to the sacral segments. Dorsal rootlets were stimulated in decerebrate low-spinal adult cats.1. The dorsal root potential and ventral root(More)