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Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is diagnosed through clinical criteria after excluding "organic" conditions, and can be precipitated by acute gastroenteritis. Cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) is produced by bacteria that cause acute gastroenteritis, and a post-infectious animal model demonstrates that host antibodies to CdtB(More)
Pediatric perineal impalement injuries are relatively uncommon. There may be difficulty in recognizing or properly treating such injuries, because their severity may not be reflected accurately by the external appearance of the perineum. The authors describe 3 case reports of patients with perineal impalement injuries and their management. The authors(More)
BACKGROUND To compare the effectiveness of the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and New Injury Severity Score (NISS) in predicting mortality in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS NISS, the sum of the squares of a patient's three highest Abbreviated Injury Scale scores (regardless of body region), were calculated for 9,151 patients treated at four regional(More)
Antibodies to cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) and vinculin are novel biomarkers that rule-in and differentiate irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) from other causes of diarrhea and healthy controls. To determine whether these antibodies can also diagnose and differentiate other IBS subtypes. Subjects with IBS-D based on Rome III criteria (n(More)
BACKGROUND The midgestational fetus is capable of regenerative healing. We have recently demonstrated a novel role for the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) as a regulator of hyaluronan (HA) in the extracellular matrix. The signaling pathway of IL-10 has been studied in monocytes but is unknown in dermal fibroblasts. We hypothesized IL-10(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE We sought to determine if properly restrained children, less than 13 years of age, placed in the front passenger seat are at greater risk for trauma from airbag deployment than unrestrained children. METHODS The charts of children treated at any of 3 regional pediatric trauma centers in Ohio were reviewed for airbag injuries sustained(More)
BACKGROUND Mid-gestation fetal cutaneous wounds heal scarlessly and this has been attributed in part to abundant hyaluronan (HA) in the extracellular matrix (ECM) and a unique fibroblast phenotype. We recently reported a novel role for interleukin 10 (IL-10) as a regulator of HA synthesis in the fetal ECM, as well as the ability of the fetal fibroblast to(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Mid-gestational (E14.5) fetal wounds heal regeneratively with attenuated inflammation and high levels of hyaluronan (HA) in their extracellular matrix (ECM), whereas late-gestational (E18.5) fetal wounds heal with scarring. IL-10 plays an essential role in the fetal regenerative phenotype and is shown to recapitulate scarless wound(More)
Acute gastroenteritis can precipitate irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in humans. Cytolethal distending toxin is common to all pathogens causing gastroenteritis. Its active subunit, CdtB, is associated with post-infectious bowel changes in a rat model of Campylobacter jejuni infection, including small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). To evaluate the(More)