Emily L Exten

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Amputations of the lower extremity may result from several etiologic factors. Most amputations performed in the United States result from a dysvascular limb. A majority of the population with vascular impairment comprises people with diabetes. These individuals frequently have comorbidities that may also affect the ultimate outcome of amputation. Loss of(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying talar position during ambulation has proved difficult as the talus lacks palpable landmarks for skin marker placement and more invasive methodologies such as bone pins are not practical for most clinical subjects. A fluoroscopic motion system was used to track the talus and calcaneus, allowing kinematic analysis of the talocrural and(More)
Current methods of quantifying foot kinematics during gait typically use markers placed externally on bony anatomic locations. These models are unable to analyze talocrural or subtalar motion because the talus lacks palpable landmarks to place external markers. Alternative methods of measuring these clinically relevant joint motions are invasive and have(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify the accuracy and precision of a biplane fluoroscopy system for model-based tracking of in vivo hindfoot motion during over-ground gait. Gait was simulated by manually manipulating a cadaver foot specimen through a biplane fluoroscopy system attached to a walkway. Three 1.6-mm diameter steel beads were implanted into(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the current study was to determine sagittal plane talocrural and subtalar kinematic differences between barefoot and controlled ankle movement (CAM) boot walking. This study used fluoroscopic images to determine talar motion relative to tibia and calcaneal motion relative to talus. METHODS Fourteen male subjects (mean age 24.1 ±(More)
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