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In many species, genomic data have revealed pervasive adaptive evolution indicated by the fixation of beneficial alleles. However, when selection pressures are highly variable along a species' range or through time adaptive alleles may persist at intermediate frequencies for long periods. So called "balanced polymorphisms" have long been understood to be an(More)
Finding the specific nucleotides that underlie adaptive variation is a major goal in evolutionary biology, but polygenic traits pose a challenge because the complex genotype-phenotype relationship can obscure the effects of individual alleles. However, natural selection working in large wild populations can shift allele frequencies and indicate functional(More)
We report the expression of Hunchback (Hb)-like protein during embryonic and larval development in two caenogastropods, Crepidula fornicata and Ilyanassa obsoleta. During the cleavage stages of these species, Hb-like protein is uniformly expressed in micromere and macromere nuclei. At gastrulation, gastropod Hb-like protein is expressed in the surface(More)
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