Emily Keshner

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The experiments were designed to test two hypotheses and their corollaries: 1. That adaptation of EMG responses to support surface rotations is due to a decrease in the gain of proprioceptively triggered long-loop stretch reflexes (Nashner 1976), and that the adaptation is dependent on a normally functioning vestibular system (Nashner et al. 1982); 2. That(More)
This study examined the EMG onsets of leg, trunk, and neck muscles in 10 standing human subjects in response to support surface anterior and posterior translations, and to plantar and dorsiflexion rotations. The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that the responses radiating upward from distal leg muscles represent part of a large ascending(More)
A musculoskeletal system with more muscles than there are motions could be programmed in alternative ways to produce a single movement. In this case, the muscles would have the potential to be maximally responsive in multiple directions rather than responding preferentially in a single direction. To determine the response patterns of muscles in the(More)
The purpose of using time-series analyses is to provide interpretation of information on curves or functions, such as dynamic, biomechanical data. We evaluated the application of one method of time-series analysis for assessing changes in postural responses when exposed to a continuously rotating visual field combined with a tilted support surface.(More)
 In this study we examined connections between the moment-generating capacity of the neck muscles and their patterns of activation during voluntary head-tracking movements. Three cats lying prone were trained to produce sinusoidal (0.25 Hz) tracking movements of the head in the sagittal plane, and 22.5º and 45º away from the sagittal plane. Radio-opaque(More)
We explored how changes in visual attention impacted postural motor performance in healthy elders and adults post-stroke within a virtual reality environment, including when vestibular information was not perceptible. Visual dependence in 13 healthy (50–80 years) and 13 adults post-stroke (49–70 years) was assessed with a rod-and-frame task. Three degree(More)
When the head rotates, vestibulocollic reflexes counteract the rotation by causing contraction of the neck muscles that pull against the imposed motion. With voluntary head rotations, these same muscles contract and assist the movement of the head. The purpose of this study was to determine if an infinite variety of muscle activation patterns are available(More)
This study examined whether the head of elderly subjects was less stable in space when the trunk was free to move than when the trunk was fixed to a linearly moving platform. Fourteen healthy elderly subjects were seated on a linear sled with their trunk either fixed to the seat or free to move. Subjects received 10 cm, 445 cm/s2 anterior-posterior ramps(More)
The effect of continuous visual flow on the ability to regain and maintain postural orientation was examined. Fourteen young (20–39 years old) and 14 older women (60–79 years old) stood quietly during 3° (30°/s) dorsiflexion tilt of the support surface combined with 30° and 45°/s upward or downward pitch rotations of the visual field. The support surface(More)
This study intended to determine if an acute bout of soccer heading alters postural control and pronounced self-reported symptoms of cerebral concussion. Collegiate soccer players were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups. Each participant completed a baseline postural control assessment prior to heading. Participants either simulated (control group; CG) or(More)