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The experiments were designed to test two hypotheses and their corollaries: 1. That adaptation of EMG responses to support surface rotations is due to a decrease in the gain of proprioceptively triggered long-loop stretch reflexes (Nashner 1976), and that the adaptation is dependent on a normally functioning vestibular system (Nashner et al. 1982); 2. That(More)
We explored how changes in visual attention impacted postural motor performance in healthy elders and adults post-stroke within a virtual reality environment, including when vestibular information was not perceptible. Visual dependence in 13 healthy (50-80 years) and 13 adults post-stroke (49-70 years) was assessed with a rod-and-frame task. Three degree(More)
This study intended to determine if an acute bout of soccer heading alters postural control and pronounced self-reported symptoms of cerebral concussion. Collegiate soccer players were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups. Each participant completed a baseline postural control assessment prior to heading. Participants either simulated (control group; CG) or(More)
This study examined the EMG onsets of leg, trunk, and neck muscles in 10 standing human subjects in response to support surface anterior and posterior translations, and to plantar and dorsiflexion rotations. The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that the responses radiating upward from distal leg muscles represent part of a large ascending(More)
The assumption that the CNS regulates head stability during human balance corrections is explored in this review (an outgrowth of discussions initiated during the Head/Neck meeting held in Vail, Colorado, USA, July 1995). Two major questions were considered. First, how do the vestibulocollic (VCR) and cervicocollic (CCR) reflexes interact with intrinsic(More)
Balance corrections elicited in response to a rotation of the support-surface were compared between healthy elderly and young normal subjects using surface EMG records from the soleus, tibialis anterior, and neck extensor muscles, and measurements of trunk angular acceleration and ankle torque. Three differences were observed. First, EMG response latencies(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Instability is a significant risk factor for falls in individuals with a bilateral labyrinthine deficit. The purpose of this case report is to describe an intervention that we found to improve balance in a patient with bilateral labyrinthine deficit using a training paradigm based on the sensory reweighting hypothesis. CASE(More)
The focus of these experiments was to determine the relationships between head movement, neck muscle activation patterns, and the positions and movements of the cervical vertebrae. One standing cat and one prone cat were trained to produce voluntary sinusoidal movements of the head in the sagittal plane. Video-opaque markers were placed on the cervical(More)
For a controlled sway stabilization task, the areas underlying EMG responses in ankle and neck muscles, as well as amplitudes of ankle torque responses, were shown to be significantly correlated with the clinically defined extent of a patient's peripheral vestibular deficit. The responses, elicited by ankle dorsiflexion of the support surface on which the(More)