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With use of a standard assay for antiviral compounds, in which the compound to be tested is added after absorption of virus, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of human interferon for several strain of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is five to 10 times greater than it is for two strains of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). This differential(More)
Clinical evidence has shown that FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation confers poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia. Loss of the FLT3 wild-type (WT) allele is associated with even worse prognosis. We have previously reported that heterozygous FLT3(wt/ITD) "knockin" mice develop a slowly fatal myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN). To study the(More)
Somatic mutations of FLT3 involving internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane domain or point mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) appear to activate FLT3 in a FLT3 ligand (FL)-independent manner. To determine whether or not FLT3 mutants respond to FL for their activation, a FL-deficient (FL(-/-)) murine embryo fibroblast (MEF) cell(More)
A reproducible microbiologic assay of microgram quantities of idoxuridine (IDU) in serum, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid is presented. The antiviral assay is not interfered with by type-specific antibody or interferon. During slow intravenous infusions of idox-uridine (4 mg/min) in patients with suspected diagnoses of Herpesvirus hominis encephalitis, the(More)
FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is mutated in approximately one third of acute myeloid leukemia cases. The most common FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia are internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations in the juxtamembrane domain (23%) and point mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (10%). The mutation substituting the aspartic acid at position(More)
Quantitative virus and interferon titers were assayed in temporal lobe brain biopsy specimens (six patients); in various regions of the brain at autopsy (five of the six patients); and in serums and CSF during courses of herpes simplex virus, type 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis. Until the tenth day of neurologic disease, interferon (geometric mean titer, 25(More)
Cytotoxicity, minimal inhibitory concentrations of herpesviruses, and pharmacokinetic studies of cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) were done. Ara-C compared favorably with idoxuridine in in vitro studies of antiviral activity versus herpes simplex, varicella-zoster, and cytomegalovirus. However, ara-C was 10 times more toxic to tissue cultures, and(More)
Minimum inhibitory concentrations of 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenine (ara-A, adenine arabinoside, vidarabine) and a purified preparation of 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosylhypoxanthine (arabinoslhypoxanthine, ara-Hx) at end points of 50% MIC50) and 100% (MIC100) reduction to challenges of approximately 50 p.f.u. of herpes simplex virus, type 1 (HSV-1) were(More)