Emily Grace Armitage

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Metabolomics has become increasingly popular in the study of disease phenotypes and molecular pathophysiology. One branch of metabolomics that encompasses the high-throughput screening of cellular metabolism is metabolic profiling. In the present study, the metabolic profiles of different tumour cells from colorectal carcinoma and breast adenocarcinoma were(More)
Missing values are known to be problematic for the analysis of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) metabolomics data. Typically these values cover about 10%-20% of all data and can originate from various backgrounds, including analytical, computational, as well as biological. Currently, the most well known substitute for missing values is a mean(More)
The type and use of quality control (QC) samples is a ‘hot topic’ in metabolomics. QCs are not novel in analytical chemistry; however since the evolution of using QCs to control the quality of data in large scale metabolomics studies (first described in 2011), the need for detailed knowledge of how to use QCs and the effects they can have on data treatment(More)
The origin of missing values can be caused by different reasons and depending on these origins missing values should be considered differently and dealt with in different ways. In this research, four methods of imputation have been compared with respect to revealing their effects on the normality and variance of data, on statistical significance and on the(More)
In a personalized treatment designed for a patient with pancreatic cancer resistant to other treatments, the success of Mitomycin C (MMC) has been highlighted. This was revealed in a murine xenograft tumor model encompassing pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells extracted from the patient. The patient was found to exhibit a biallelic inactivation of the PALB2(More)
In chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), the clinical course of patients is heterogeneous. Some present an aggressive disease onset and require immediate therapy, while others remain without treatment for years. Current disease staging systems developed by Rai and Binet may be useful in forecasting patient survival time, but do not discriminate between(More)
Cellular metabolism is altered during cancer initiation and progression, which allows cancer cells to increase anabolic synthesis, avoid apoptosis and adapt to low nutrient and oxygen availability. The metabolic nature of cancer enables patient cancer status to be monitored by metabolomics and lipidomics. Additionally, monitoring metabolic status of(More)
Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) plays an important role in oxygen compromised environments and therefore in tumour survival. In this research, metabolomics has been applied to study HIFs metabolic function in two cell models: mouse hepatocellular carcinoma and human colon carcinoma, whereby the metabolism has been profiled for a range of oxygen potentials.(More)
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) is potentially well placed to contribute to metabolomic analysis while bringing the added benefit of high resolution, label free imaging. The focused ion beams used to desorb species from the sample can be focused below 1 μm allowing chemical imaging on a sub-cellular scale. In this study we test the(More)
This article provides an overview of the technique of secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging and highlights some current and future areas of application relevant to the field of metabolomics. The approach benefits from label-free analysis of molecular species up to ~1500 Da with minimal sample preparation. Offering the highest spatial resolution of current(More)
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