Emily E Belz

Learn More
Structural and social aspects of an environmental system can influence the physiology and behavior of animals occupying that system. This study examined the physiological effects of environmental enrichment (EE) with Kong Toys and Nestlets on stress-responsive hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis under basal and mild stress conditions(More)
We previously reported that female rats had significantly greater hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to cholinergic stimulation by nicotine (NIC) than did male rats. Females in defined estrous cycle stages, however, were not studied because of sample size limitations. We further explored this finding by determining HPA axis responses to two(More)
INTRODUCTION The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a three-gland component of the endocrine system and a key modulator of the stress response. We have developed a novel in vitro perfusion system to enable the study of pharmacological and hormonal challenges to tissue components of the HPA axis. In vivo studies have shown functional sex(More)
  • 1