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Centromeres are specified epigenetically by the incorporation of the histone H3 variant CENP-A. In humans, amphibians, and fungi, CENP-A is deposited at centromeres by the HJURP/Scm3 family of assembly factors, but homologues of these chaperones are absent from a number of major eukaryotic lineages such as insects, fish, nematodes, and plants. In(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases are important mediators of signal transduction from the cell surface to the nucleus and their activation has been implicated in a wide array of physiological processes. The extracellular-signal-regulated kinases are the archetypal and best studied members of the mitogen activated protein kinases. Recently, additional(More)
Stress-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase-1/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase kinase is a dual-specificity kinase which phosphorylates and activates stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase, a recently discovered mitogen-activated protein kinase that is stimulated by stressful stimuli and that regulates cellular(More)
Calcium is essential for a variety of functions in animals, including signal transduction, transmission of nerve impulses, and bone and scale growth. In freshwater adapted teleosts, blood calcium levels are maintained constant (2-4 mM) even at low external calcium concentration (< 0.01 mM). Epithelial cells in skin and gill have been implicated in calcium(More)
Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) for the catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) were identified and characterized by shotgun sequencing coupled to Northern analysis. We have identified and characterized a number of cDNA clones from a catfish olfactory mucosal library that show differential tissue expression including several that are enriched in chemosensory tissue.(More)
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