Emily A. Schultz

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The gross and microscopic anatomy of the rat larynx was studied with particular attention to myology and neuromuscular structures to further validate it as a model to evaluate morphologic and functional changes induced by botulinum injection. A laryngeal alar cartilage (LAIC), alar cricoarytenoid (ACA) muscle, and a superior cricoarytenoid muscle (SCA) were(More)
A new catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, nitecapone, was given in increasing doses of 0-100 mg concomitantly with L-Dopa/carbidopa (100/25 mg or 100/100 mg) to healthy male volunteers. Plasma concentrations of L-Dopa, 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA), as well as the excretion of(More)
The subscapularis muscle is an important mover and stabilizer of the glenohumeral joint. The purpose of this study was to measure regional variations in the structural properties of the subscapularis tendon in two joint positions. Subscapularis tendons from cadaveric shoulders were divided into four sections superiorly to inferiorly and tested to failure at(More)
The digitalization of EEGs (electroencephalogram) has showed new possibilities for analyzing electrical activity of brain. This has offered new methods, e.g. multifractal analysis of 1/f(beta) EEG rhythms fluctuations. It is one of highly mathematical methods feasible in routine practice now that modern personal computers (PCs) have reached sufficient(More)
This pilot study was designed to determine if the interval between repeated botulinum toxin injections influenced physiologic and histologic effects on laryngeal muscles in a rat model. The physiologic measurements included digitized videomicroscopic recording of vocal fold movement and electromyography. The histologic measurements included muscle fiber(More)
A decade after the ''Sokal Hoax,'' Alan Sokal and Paul Boghossian still claim that postmodern arguments are incoherent attacks on reason and truth. However, both also continue to mischaracterize ''constructivist'' epistemology, to engage in highly problematic logical gymnastics to defend their own views, and to ignore changes in philosophy of science and(More)
PURPOSE The PRAME tumour antigen is expressed in several tumour types but in few normal adult tissues. A dose-escalation phase I/II study (NCT01149343) assessed the safety, immunogenicity and clinical activity of the PRAME immunotherapeutic (recombinant PRAME protein (recPRAME) with the AS15 immunostimulant) in patients with advanced melanoma. Here, we(More)