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BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with clinical depression among women. However, depressed women are often excluded from weight loss trials. PURPOSE This study examined treatment outcomes among women with comorbid obesity and depression. METHODS Two hundred three (203) women were randomized to behavioral weight loss (n = 102) or behavioral weight loss(More)
BACKGROUND The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) found that an intensive lifestyle intervention can reduce the development of diabetes by more than half in adults with prediabetes, but there is little information about the feasibility of offering such an intervention in community settings. This study evaluated the delivery of a group-based DPP lifestyle(More)
This paper examines the relationships among reports of depressive symptoms, BMI and frequency of consumption of 30 foods in 4655 middle-aged women. Food was grouped into three categories: high-calorie sweet, high-calorie nonsweet, and low-calorie. Controlling for total energy intake, BMI and depressive symptoms were both inversely associated with a higher(More)
BACKGROUND Health risks linked to obesity and the difficulty most have in achieving weight loss underscore the importance of identifying dietary factors that contribute to successful weight loss. METHODS This study examined the association between change in dietary energy density and weight loss over time. Subjects were 213 men and women with BMI of 30-39(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess differences in weight regain one year after an 18-month obesity treatment with standard behavior therapy (SBT) or maintenance-tailored therapy for obesity (MTT). METHOD 213 obese adult volunteers were treated for 18 months using SBT with fixed behavioral prescriptions or MTT that employed varied behavioral prescriptions with treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a maintenance-tailored therapy (MTT) compared to standard behavior therapy (SBT) for treatment of obesity. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE change in body weight. METHOD A non-blinded, randomized trial comparing effectiveness of MTT and SBT in facilitating sustained weight loss over 18 months; 213 adult volunteers> or =18 years participated.(More)
Reaching Out and Preventing Increases in Diabetes (RAPID) is a community-based randomized trial evaluating the comparative costs and effectiveness of a group-based adaption of the DPP lifestyle intervention developed and implemented in partnership with the YMCA. RAPID enrolled adult primary care patients, with BMI 24 kg/m(2) or higher and abnormal glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the association between obesity and depression among middle-aged women. METHODS A total of 4641 female health plan enrollees aged 40-65 years completed a structured telephone interview including self-reported height and weight, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) assessment of depression; a brief measure of rate was 62%. RESULTS(More)
Using data from smokers (N = 591) who enrolled in an 8-week smoking cessation program and were then followed for 15 months, the authors tested the thesis that self-efficacy guides the decision to initiate smoking cessation but that satisfaction with the outcomes afforded by quitting guides the decision to maintain cessation. Measures of self-efficacy and(More)
This study examines the hypothesis that highly favorable outcome expectations promote weight loss and hinder weight maintenance. To investigate the effects of outcome expectations and satisfaction with treatment outcomes on weight loss, 349 adults were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 weight loss programs that emphasize either (a) an "optimistic" message,(More)