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BACKGROUND Health risks linked to obesity and the difficulty most have in achieving weight loss underscore the importance of identifying dietary factors that contribute to successful weight loss. METHODS This study examined the association between change in dietary energy density and weight loss over time. Subjects were 213 men and women with BMI of 30-39(More)
Using data from smokers (N = 591) who enrolled in an 8-week smoking cessation program and were then followed for 15 months, the authors tested the thesis that self-efficacy guides the decision to initiate smoking cessation but that satisfaction with the outcomes afforded by quitting guides the decision to maintain cessation. Measures of self-efficacy and(More)
This study examines the hypothesis that highly favorable outcome expectations promote weight loss and hinder weight maintenance. To investigate the effects of outcome expectations and satisfaction with treatment outcomes on weight loss, 349 adults were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 weight loss programs that emphasize either (a) an "optimistic" message,(More)
This paper examines the relationships among reports of depressive symptoms, BMI and frequency of consumption of 30 foods in 4655 middle-aged women. Food was grouped into three categories: high-calorie sweet, high-calorie nonsweet, and low-calorie. Controlling for total energy intake, BMI and depressive symptoms were both inversely associated with a higher(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the association between obesity and depression among middle-aged women. METHODS A total of 4641 female health plan enrollees aged 40-65 years completed a structured telephone interview including self-reported height and weight, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) assessment of depression; a brief measure of rate was 62%. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES The co-occurrence of severe mental illness and substance use disorder, or dual diagnosis, is prevalent and is associated with significant clinical and social problems. Most studies have treated persons with a dual diagnosis as a homogeneous population, grouping together different substances of misuse. This study investigated whether subgroups(More)
Some studies have shown a relationship between trunk muscle strength and low back pain. Measures of trunk muscle strength and endurance, which are feasible in the clinical setting, are needed. The purpose of this study was to determine interrater reliability of six tests of abdominal and trunk extensor muscle strength and endurance. The tests included(More)
BACKGROUND High smoking prevalence has been observed among those misusing other substances. This study aimed to establish smoking behaviours and attitudes towards nicotine dependence treatment among clients and staff in substance abuse treatment settings. METHODS Cross-sectional questionnaire survey of staff and clients in a convenience sample of seven(More)