Emily A. Bobrow

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OBJECTIVE To report on the haemoglobin concentrations and prevalence of anaemia in schoolchildren in eight countries in Africa and Asia. DESIGN Blood samples were collected during surveys of the health of schoolchildren as a part of programmes to develop school-based health services. SETTING Rural schools in Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali,(More)
INTRODUCTION The implementation of lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) for all pregnant women (Option B+) in Malawi has resulted in a significant increase in the number of HIV-positive pregnant women initiating treatment. However, research has highlighted the challenge of retaining newly initiated women in care. This study explores barriers and(More)
Data on age, height and mid upper-arm circumference (MUAC) from nearly 6000 schoolchildren in Ghana, Tanzania and Malawi (not MUAC) were used to examine their power to predict bodyweight and thus the dosage of praziquantel required to treat schistosomiasis. Height was found to provide a simple and reasonably accurate estimate of weight, and about 75% of(More)
BACKGROUND Follow-up of HIV-exposed children for the delivery of prevention of mother-to-child transmission services and for early diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection is critical to their survival. Despite efforts, uptake of postnatal care for these children remains low in many sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS A qualitative study was conducted(More)
Measurement of the plasma free amino acids by column chromatography (AutoAnalyzer) in 32 patients with primary gout showed statistically significant increases or decreases in several components when compared with the spectrum in 18 control subjects, but the absolute amounts involved were small and the mean total plasma amino acid concentrations in both(More)
A weekly iron/folate supplement was compared with a standard daily iron/folate supplement in pregnant women living in rural Malawi. Women were enrolled as they attended the local antenatal clinic, stratified by grade of anaemia and then randomized to receive either 60 mg iron/0.25 mg folate per day (n = 211) or 120 mg iron/0.50 mg folate once a week (n =(More)
Delayed antiretroviral initiation is associated with increased mortality, but individuals frequently delay seeking treatment. To increase early antiretroviral therapy (ART) enrollment of HIV-positive women, antenatal clinics are implementing regular, postpartum CD4 count testing. We examined factors influencing women's utilization of extended CD4 count(More)
There are limited viral load (VL) data available from programs implementing "Option B+," lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) to all HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women, in resource-limited settings. Extent of viral suppression from a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program in Rwanda was assessed among women enrolled in the(More)
A process evaluation of nurses' implementation of an infant-feeding counseling protocol was conducted for the Breastfeeding, Antiretroviral and Nutrition (BAN) Study, a prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV clinical trial in Lilongwe, Malawi. Six trained nurses counseled HIV-infected mothers to exclusively breastfeed for 24 weeks postpartum and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the willingness of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) to provide single dose antiretroviral prophylaxis to infants born to mothers with HIV and the feasibility of providing the TBAs with antiretroviral medication. DESIGN 2 focus groups with a total of 17 registered TBAs. SETTING Lilongwe, Malawi. METHODS TBAs were recruited(More)