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Review summarizes both literature and own experimental data on the application of arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4 omega-6) as an elicitor of the plant defense reactions to phytopathogens. The elicitation activity of AA was shown to depend considerably on its concentration. High AA concentrations (over 10-5 M) induce necrosis of plant tissues and accumulation of(More)
Arachidonic acid (ARA, 5,8,1l,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid) is widely used in medicine, pharmaceutics, cosmetics, dietary nutrition, agriculture, and other fields. Microbiological production of ARA is of increased interest since the natural sources (pig liver, adrenal glands, and egg-yolk) cannot satisfy its growing requirements. Mechanisms for ARA(More)
The effect of ethanol, zinc, and iron (Fe2+ and Fe3+) concentration and of oxygen supply on cell growth and the production of citric acid (CA) and isocitric acid (ICA) from ethanol by mutant Yarrowia lipolytica N 1 was studied under continuous cultivation. The following peculiarities of Y. lipolytica metabolism were found: (1) intensive CA production(More)
The process of succinic acid (SA) production represents the combination of microbial synthesis of α-ketoglutaric acid from rapeseed oil by yeast Yarrowia lipolytica VKM Y-2412 and subsequent decarboxylation of α-ketoglutaric acid by hydrogen peroxide to SA that leads to the production of 69.0 g l−1 of SA and 1.36 g l−1 of acetic acid. SA was isolated from(More)
Production of d S-threo-isocitric acid (ICA) by yeast meets serious difficulties since it is accompanied by a simultaneous production of citric acid (CA) in significant amounts that reduces the yield of desired product. In order to develop an effective process of ICA production, 60 yeast strains of different genera (Candida, Pichia, Saccharomyces,(More)
Mortierella alpina LPM 301, a producer of arachidonic acid (ARA), was found to possess a unique property of intense lipid synthesis in the period of active mycelium growth. Under batch cultivation of this strain in glucose-containing media with potassium nitrate or urea, the bulk of lipids (28–35% of dry biomass) was produced at the end of the exponential(More)
The effects of pH, aeration, and temperature on the growth of fungal strain Mortierella alpina LPM-301 and the synthesis of lipids and arachidonic acid in glycerol-containing medium were studied. Arachidonic acid production in the stationary growth phase was found to depend considerably on the pH value; it reached the optimum at pH 6.0 and was irreversibly(More)
Oleaginous yeasts (18 strains) were grown in ethanol media under various cultivation conditions (33 biomass samples). It was found that lipid and lipid-free fractions of dry biomass have elemental composition and biomass reductivity very close to values which can be considered as biological constants. The energy content of dry biomass strongly depended on(More)