Emilio Vilanova

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The Amazon rain forest sustains the world's highest tree diversity, but it remains unclear why some clades of trees are hyperdiverse, whereas others are not. Using dated phylogenies, estimates of current species richness and trait and demographic data from a large network of forest plots, we show that fast demographic traits--short turnover times--are(More)
Atmospheric carbon dioxide records indicate that the land surface has acted as a strong global carbon sink over recent decades, with a substantial fraction of this sink probably located in the tropics, particularly in the Amazon. Nevertheless, it is unclear how the terrestrial carbon sink will evolve as climate and atmospheric composition continue to(More)
Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is the suggested "target" molecule involved in the initiation of organophosphorus-induced delayed polyneuropathy. Sciatic nerve NTE was separated into particulate (P-NTE) and soluble (S-NTE) fractions by ultracentrifugation at 100,000 g for 1 h in 0.32 M sucrose and compared with the corresponding brain extract. Total(More)
The calcium-dependent enzyme activity which hydrolyzes the p-nitrophenyl-O-P bond of paraoxon (paraoxonase) has been studied in several rat and human tissues. Rat plasma and liver showed the highest activities (1.31 +/- 0.19, 0.82 +/- 0.09 nmol/min mg protein +/- SEM, respectively), while other tissues showed less than 2% plasma activity. The Arrhenius plot(More)
Lineages tend to retain ecological characteristics of their ancestors through time. However, for some traits, selection during evolutionary history may have also played a role in determining trait values. To address the relative importance of these processes requires large-scale quantification of traits and evolutionary relationships among species. The(More)
In the last 20 years, the Mocotíes watershed in the Venezuelan Andes has experienced an intense process of land-use change, with natural forests being replaced by “sun grown coffee” (Coffea arabica) monocultures in sites of high slope, increasing risk conditions and the vulnerability of people living in lower parts of the watershed. Using a local-scale(More)
The in vitro and in vivo biochemical properties of O-hexyl, O-dichlorophenyl phosphoramidate (hexyl-DCP) as inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and neuropathy target esterase (NTE) were studied, as well as their neurotoxic effects. The differences found were suggested to be due to biotransformation effects. In this work, the in vitro time-dependent(More)
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