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We have characterized the effects of BgII and BgIII, two sea anemone peptides with almost identical sequences (they only differ by a single amino acid), on neuronal sodium currents using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Neurons of dorsal root ganglia of Wistar rats (P5-9) in primary culture (Leibovitz's L15 medium; 37 degrees C, 95% air/5% CO2) were(More)
A program for action potential waveform analysis based on a PC compatible computer is described. Single or averaged action potentials are analyzed by obtaining its first derivative and using criteria which allow automatic measurement of several action potential components, including: depolarization rate, repolarization rate, amplitude, duration, resting(More)
A new peptide toxin exhibiting a molecular weight of 5043Da (av.) and comprising 47 amino acid residues was isolated from the sea anemone Condylactis gigantea. Purification of the peptide was achieved by a multistep chromatographic procedure monitoring its strong paralytic activity on crustacea (LD(50) approx. 1microg/kg). Complete sequence analysis of the(More)
CgNa (Condylactis gigantea neurotoxin) is a 47-amino-acid- residue toxin from the giant Caribbean sea anemone Condylactis gigantea. The structure of CgNa, which was solved by 1H-NMR spectroscopy, is somewhat atypical and displays significant homology with both type I and II anemone toxins. CgNa also displays a considerable number of exceptions to the(More)
We have characterized the actions of ApC, a sea anemone polypeptide toxin isolated from Anthopleura elegantissima, on neuronal sodium currents (I(Na)) using current and voltage-clamp techniques. Neurons of the dorsal root ganglia of Wistar rats (P5-9) in primary culture were used for this study. These cells express tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and(More)
Sea anemones produce ion channels peptide toxins of pharmacological and biomedical interest. However, peptides acting on ligand-gated ion channels, including acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) toxins, remain poorly explored. PhcrTx1 is the first compound characterized from the sea anemone Phymanthus crucifer, and it constitutes a novel ASIC inhibitor. This(More)
We studied the effects of BgK toxin on outward K(+) currents in isolated neurons of the snail Helix aspersa, using the whole cell patch clamp technique. BgK partially and reversibly blocked K(+) currents in the 1 pM to 100 nM concentration range (n=53). The dose-response curve for BgK current inhibition had a maximum blocking effect at 100 nM. Our results(More)
Conus californicus belongs to a genus of marine gastropods with more than 700 extant species. C. californicus has been shown to be distantly related to all Conus species, but showing unusual biological features. We report a novel peptide isolated from C. californicus with a significant inhibitory action over neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels. The new(More)
Cytotoxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO 2) thin films on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells was evaluated after 24, 48 and 72 h of culture. The TiO 2 thin films were deposited using direct current magnetron sputtering. These films were post-deposition annealed at different temperatures (300, 500 and 800 ˝ C) toward the anatase to rutile phase(More)
A novel conotoxin, named as PiVIIA, was isolated from the venom of Conus princeps, a marine predatory cone snail collected in the Pacific Southern Coast of Mexico. Chymotryptic digest of the S-alkylated peptide in combination with liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry, were used to define the sequencing of this peptide. Eleven N-terminal(More)