Emilio Mosca

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The present study examined the contribution of myofilament contractile proteins to regional function in guinea pig myocardium. We investigated the effect of stretch on myofilament contractile proteins, Ca2+ sensitivity, and cross-bridge cycling kinetics (K tr) of force in single skinned cardiomyocytes isolated from the sub-endocardial (ENDO) or(More)
The ability of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid to suppress ethanol withdrawal syndrome was tested in male rats rendered physically dependent on ethanol by several intragastric administrations of ethanol (9-15 g/kg daily for 7 days). Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (0.25, 0.50 and 1.00 g/kg i.p.), administered 8 hr after the last ethanol dose, produced a dose-dependent(More)
The effect of ethanol, either administered by gavage or voluntarily ingested, on brain dopamine (DA) metabolism was studied in alcohol-preferring and alcohol non-preferring rats. In alcohol non-preferring rats ethanol administration (2 g/kg) increased 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) and reduced DA levels in the caudate(More)
The effect of different treatments which are thought to modify dopamine (DA) synthesis by an action on DA autoreceptors was compared in the caudate nucleus and two frontal cortical areas: the medial prefrontal cortex and dorsolateral frontal cortex, having the highest and lowest DA concentration, respectively, but having equal concentrations of(More)
The effect of two calcium antagonists, nimodipine and flunarizine, on striatal dopamine (DA) metabolism in rats was compared. Flunarizine (5–20 mg/kg i.p.) caused a dose-dependent increase in the DA metabolite, 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) in the caudate nucleus. Following the 20 mg/kg dose, DOPAC levels were maximally elevated by about 50% from 2(More)
Linalool is a monoterpene compound reported to be a major component of essential oils in various aromatic species. Several linalool-producing species are used in traditional medical systems. Among these is Aeolanthus suaveolens G. Dom (Labiatae) which is used as an anticonvulsant in the Brazilian Amazon. Psychopharmacological in vivo evaluation of linalool(More)
Progabide, a specific and clinically used GABA receptor agonist, was tested for its ability to suppress ethanol withdrawal syndrome. Male rats were rendered physically dependent on ethanol by feeding for 12 days on a liquid diet in which ethanol isocalorically replaced dextrose. Progabide (100-400 mg/kg i.p.), administered 8 h after ethanol was withdrawn,(More)
The effect of ethanol on brain dopamine (DA) metabolism in the caudate nucleus (CN), olfactory tubercle (OT) and medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) was compared in two selectively bred rat lines, one ethanol preferring and the other ethanol nonpreferring. Male rats from the 16th and 17th generations of both lines that never experienced ethanol beforehand were(More)
Electric foot-shock increased DOPAC and decreased DA levels by about 70 and 20% respectively in the medial prefrontal cortex in rats. Pretreatment with diazepam (5 mg/kg IP) or ethanol (1.2 g/kg orally) prevented these stress-induced changes. The protective effect of diazepam and ethanol was eliminated by RO 15-4513 (5 mg/kg IP) a partial inverse(More)
The effect of foot-shock and ethanol (2 g/kg per os) and the combination of the two on dopamine (DA) metabolism in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) was studied in rats. Electric foot-shock stress (20 min stimulation) decreased DA concentration by 30% and increased dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) concentration by 65%. Ethanol (2 g/kg orally) decreased(More)