Emilio J. Castilla

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Much research in sociology and labor economics studies proxies for productivity; consequently, little is known about the relationship between personal contacts and worker performance. This study addresses , for the first time, the role of referral contacts on workers' performance. Using employees' hiring and performance data in a call center, the author(More)
This study helps to fill a significant gap in the literature on organizations and inequality by investigating the central role of merit-based reward systems in shaping gender and racial disparities in wages and promotions. The author develops and tests a set of propositions isolating processes of performance-reward bias, whereby women and minorities receive(More)
This paper models three stages of the union organizing drive, using a new dataset covering more than 22,000 drives that took place between 1999 and 2004. The correlated sequential model tracks drives through all of their potential stages: holding an election, winning an election, and reaching first contracts. Only one-seventh of organizing drives that filed(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. *The first two authors contributed equally and their names are listed alphabetically. for help with data collection and coding. Earlier versions of this work were presented at the Academy of Management Conference, The International(More)
We examine the extent to which two sources of policy uncertainty influence foreign-owned subsidiary exit rates. We find that prior peer exits and a firm's own experience under the current political regime both have a strong influence on subsidiary exit rates, particularly in the presence of policy uncertainty resulting from the existing structure of a host(More)
Gender disparities in wages exist due to the shortfall in wages women sustain relative to men at the point of organizational entry. This paper develops a trial approach to test for the presence of demand-side contributions to initial wage inequality and proposes an organizational practice through which it is lessened – internships. We predict that(More)