Emilio Chiosi

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Leptin has been hypothesized to be a pathophysiologic link between obesity and cardiovascular diseases. Because the adenylate cyclase (AC) system is a main effector of beta-adrenergic receptors and leptin has been shown to modulate AC activity in other cell lines, a leptin impact on cardiac AC activity was hypothesized. Therefore, acute and chronic effects(More)
Protein Kinase A (PKA) is a well known member of the serine-threonin protein kinase superfamily. PKA, also known as cAMP-dependent protein kinase, is a multi-unit protein kinase that mediates signal transduction of G-protein coupled receptors through its activation upon cAMP binding. The widespread expression of PKA subunit genes, and the myriad of(More)
Cancer is a major public health problem and the second leading cause of mortality around the world. Although continuous advances in the science of oncology and cancer research are now leading to improved outcomes for many cancer patients, novel cancer treatment options are strongly demanded. Naturally occurring compounds from a variety of vegetables,(More)
Elevation of cAMP inhibits the proliferation and expression of transformed phenotype in several cell types, including breast cancer cells. Leptin has been shown to act as a mitogen/survival factor in many types of cancer cells. In the present work, we have studied the impact of cAMP elevation on leptin-induced proliferation of breast cancer cells. Here we(More)
In order to elucidate how phosphate regulates cellular functions, we investigated the effects of inorganic phosphate (Pi) on adenylate cyclase (AC)/cyclic AMP (cAMP) axis. Here we describe that Pi treatment of human osteosarcoma U2OS cells results in a decrease of both intracellular cAMP levels and AC activity, and in a cell growth inhibition. The(More)
B-type natriuretic peptide is synthesized in response to increased ventricular wall stress (WS) and hypertrophy. To serially evaluate amino-terminal-pro-BNP (NT-pBNP) serum levels in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for severe chronic aortic regurgitation (AR), blood samples were drawn preoperatively, 15 days postoperatively, at 6- and(More)
Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies and a major cause of cancer death among women worldwide. The high mortality rate associated with breast cancer is mainly due to a propensity of the tumor to metastasize, even if small or undetectable. Given the relevant role of leptin in breast cancer growth and metastasis, novel strategies to counteract(More)
Previously, we have shown that leptin potentiates the antiproliferative action of cAMP elevating agents in breast cancer cells and that the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor KT-5720 prevented the antiproliferative effects induced by the leptin plus cAMP elevation. The present experiments were designed to gain a better understanding about the PKA role in the(More)
Doxorubicin (Doxo) is a widely used anticancer drug given for the treatment of leukemias, lymphomas, and solid tumors. Despite its potent antitumor effects, the cardiotoxicity of this drug limits its clinical use. The biochemical mechanisms of Doxo-induced cardiotoxicity remain unclear. Doxo has been shown to induce apoptosis in cardiomyocytes that seems to(More)
BACKGROUND cAMP is a second messenger that plays a role in intracellular signal transduction of various stimuli. a major function of cAMP in eukaryotes is activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). PKA is the best understood member of the serine-threonine protein kinase superfamily, and is involved in the control of a variety of cellular processes.(More)