Emilio Carbone

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Calcium channels in excitable membranes are essential for many cellular functions. Recent analyses of the burst-firing mode of some vertebrate neurones suggest that changes in their functional state are controlled by a Ca conductance that is largely inactivated at resting membrane potentials (-50 to -60 mV), but becomes activated following a conditioning(More)
1. Using the whole-cell recording mode of the patch-clamp technique, we have investigated kinetic and selectivity properties of a low-voltage-activated (l.v.a.) Ca2+ current in chick and rat dorsal root ganglion (d.r.g.) neurones. 2. L.v.a currents were activated at about -50 mV and reached maximum amplitudes between -30 and -20 mV with averages of -0.16 nA(More)
1. Single and multiple Ca2+ channel currents were recorded from outside-out and cell-attached patches of cultured chick and rat dorsal root ganglion cells, using the patch-clamp technique. 2. Outside-out patches containing a large number of Ca2+ channels revealed Ca2+ currents resembling those from the whole cell. A low-voltage-activated (l.v.a.) and a(More)
We studied wild-type (WT) and Cav1.3(-/-) mouse chromaffin cells (MCCs) with the aim to determine the isoform of L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) and BK channels that underlie the pacemaker current controlling spontaneous firing. Most WT-MCCs (80%) were spontaneously active (1.5 Hz) and highly sensitive to nifedipine and BayK-8644(More)
The voltage-dependent inhibition of single N-type Ca(2+) channels by noradrenaline (NA) and the delta-opioid agonist D-Pen(2)-D-Pen (5)-enkephalin (DPDPE) was investigated in cell-attached patches of human neuroblastoma IMR32 cells with 100 mM Ba(2+) and 5 microM nifedipine to block L-type channels. In 70% of patches, addition of 20 microM NA + 1 microM(More)
The effects of noradrenaline and dopamine on voltage-dependent Ca currents were investigated in cultured dorsal root and sympathetic ganglion neurons from chick embryos. At concentrations of 1 to 10 μM, bath application of the neurotransmitters caused a general depression of inward Ca currents. Above −20 mV the decrease of the current amplitude was(More)
We have investigated the kinetics, permeability and pharmacological properties of Ca channels in in vitro differentiated IMR32 human neuroblastoma cells. The lowthreshold (LVA, T) Ca current activated positive to −50 mV and inactivated fully within 100 ms in a voltage-dependent manner. This current persisted in the presence of 3.2 μM ω-conotoxin (ω-CgTx) or(More)
Using the cell-attached recording configuration, we found that in adult bovine chromaffin cells there exists a direct membrane-delimited inhibition of single Bay K-modified L-channels mediated by opioids and ATP locally released in the recording pipette. This autocrine modulation is mediated by pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-proteins and causes a 50 %(More)
1. Using the patch-clamp technique we have investigated the kinetic and pharmacological properties of high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channels in short-term-cultured cat chromaffin cells. 2. In 10 mM Ba2+, HVA currents activated around -40 mV, reached maximal amplitude at 0 mV and reversed at about +60 mV. At 0 mV, HVA current activation was fast (mean(More)
We studied the effects of the cAMP-hydrolyzing enzyme phosphodiesterase type-4 (PDE4) on the L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) and Ca2+-dependent secretion in mouse chromaffin cells (MCCs). The selective PDE4 inhibitor rolipram (3 μM) had a specific potentiating action on Ca2+ currents of MCCs (40% increase within 3 min). A similar effect was produced by the(More)