Emilio Briales Morales

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  • E Morales
  • 2000
Phylogenetic inertia is a difficult issue in evolutionary biology because we have yet to reach a consensus about how to measure it. In this study a comparative approach is used to evaluate phylogenetic inertia in 14 demographic and morphological characters in 10 species and one subspecies of the genus Tithonia (Asteraceae). Three different methods,(More)
The feasibility of three sequential extraction schemes (a modification of the Tessier procedure, the scheme proposed by Meguellati and the protocol designed by BCR (now called the Standards, Measurements and Testing Programme, M&T) have been compared to study the distribution of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn in sediment samples. The comparison(More)
The stability of both tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) in water, sediment, oysters and cockles was studied over a period of 18 months using several storage conditions. Butyltins were stable in unacidified sea-water stored in polycarbonate bottles in the dark at 4 degrees C for 7 months, but half of the TBT concentration was lost after 540 d. A(More)
Performances of two atomic detectors, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry (AFS) have been compared for arsenic speciation in environmental samples. Instrumental couplings, based on the use of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), hydride generation (HG), and the two atomic detectors were used(More)
An arsenic speciation survey was carried out in water samples from the Tinto and Odiel Rivers (southwest of Spain), as well as their common estuary. Both rivers are affected by acid mine drainage (AMD) and represent an input of heavy metals into the estuary, which also suffers from industrial water discharges. Samples were taken in December 2000 and July(More)
This study considers the selectivity of the extractants used in a sequential extraction scheme for metals mobility assessment by analyzing individual mineral phases previously coprecipitated or sorbed with trace metals. The scheme evaluated was a modification of the Tessier et al. [A. Tessier, P.G.C. Campbell, M. Bisson, Anal. Chem. 51 (1979) 844](More)
Speciation of selenocysteine (SeCys), selenomethionine (SeMet), selenoethionine (SeET), selenite (Se(IV)) and selenate (Se(VI)) has been accomplished using high-performance liquid chromatography, with the aid of an anion exchange column and a reversed-phase column, both connected through a six-port switching valve. On-line microwave-assisted digestion and(More)
In order to reduce time and cost of analysis, a new pressurised liquid extraction method that automatically and rapidly achieves quantitative and selective (i.e., lipid-free) extraction of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in biota tissues was optimized. It consists of on-line clean-up by inclusion of sorbents in the extraction cell. The freeze-dried sample(More)
Filter feeding clams, Venerupis decussata, were sampled every 4 months for 8 years at five locations on the southwest Spain coast and analysed for organotins. All the stations showed a significant sinusoidally shaped seasonal evolution pattern for tributyltin (TBT) superimposed upon a linear decreasing tendency. The amplitude and frequency of fluctuations(More)