Emilie Viennois

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Cholesterol is a structural component of lipid rafts within the plasma membrane. These domains, used as platforms for various signaling molecules, regulate cellular processes including cell survival. Cholesterol contents are tightly correlated with the structure and function of lipid rafts. Liver X receptors (LXRs) have a central role in the regulation of(More)
INTRODUCTION Liver X receptors (LXR) are transcription factors that belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Natural derivatives of cholesterol, known as oxysterols, have been identified as agonistic ligands of LXR. They are thus mainly considered to be intracellular cholesterol 'sensors' whose activation leads to decreased plasma cholesterol. Their(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nanoparticles have been explored as carriers of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and might be developed to treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Overexpression of CD98 on the surface of colonic epithelial cells and macrophages promotes the development and progression of IBD. We developed an orally delivered hydrogel that(More)
UNLABELLED Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic and progressive inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. In IBD, protein serological biomarkers could be relevant tools for assessing disease activity, performing early-stage diagnosis and managing the treatment. Using the interleukin-10 knockout (IL-10(-/-)) mouse, a model that develops(More)
Patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are currently treated by systemic drugs that can have significant side effects. Thus, it would be highly desirable to target TNFα siRNA (a therapeutic molecule) to the inflamed tissue. Here, we demonstrate that TNFα siRNA can be efficiently loaded into nanoparticles (NPs) made of poly (lactic acid)(More)
Intestinal CD98 expression plays a crucial role in controlling homeostatic and innate immune responses in the gut. Modulation of CD98 expression in intestinal cells therefore represents a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment and prevention of inflammatory intestinal diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease. Here, the advantages of(More)
Nanoparticle (NP)-based combination chemotherapy has been proposed as an effective strategy for achieving synergistic effects and targeted drug delivery for colon cancer therapy. Here, we fabricated a series of hyaluronic acid (HA)-functionalized camptothecin (CPT)/curcumin (CUR)-loaded polymeric NPs (HA-CPT/CUR-NPs) with various weight ratios of CPT to CUR(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxysterols are implicated in various cellular processes. Among their target proteins, liver X receptors (LXRs) α and β modulate the cell cycle in a large range of cancer cell lines. Besides their role as cholesterol sensors, LXRs are also involved in the proliferation/apoptosis balance regulation in various types of cancers. AREAS COVERED(More)
Oxysterols derive from cholesterol oxidation. They display various biological activities such as regulating cholesterol, fatty acid and glucose homeostasis as well as cell survival/apoptosis balance. Oxysterols display these metabolic and transcriptional activities mainly through their nuclear receptors known as Liver X Receptors (LXRs) α and β. There is(More)
PepT1 is a member of the proton-oligopeptide cotransporter family SLC15, which mediates the transport of di/tripeptides from intestinal lumen into epithelial cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a small noncoding RNAs (21-23 nucleotides), post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) of their target mRNAs. Although(More)