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Cholesterol is a structural component of lipid rafts within the plasma membrane. These domains, used as platforms for various signaling molecules, regulate cellular processes including cell survival. Cholesterol contents are tightly correlated with the structure and function of lipid rafts. Liver X receptors (LXRs) have a central role in the regulation of(More)
INTRODUCTION Liver X receptors (LXR) are transcription factors that belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Natural derivatives of cholesterol, known as oxysterols, have been identified as agonistic ligands of LXR. They are thus mainly considered to be intracellular cholesterol 'sensors' whose activation leads to decreased plasma cholesterol. Their(More)
UNLABELLED Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic and progressive inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. In IBD, protein serological biomarkers could be relevant tools for assessing disease activity, performing early-stage diagnosis and managing the treatment. Using the interleukin-10 knockout (IL-10(-/-)) mouse, a model that develops(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nanoparticles have been explored as carriers of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and might be developed to treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Overexpression of CD98 on the surface of colonic epithelial cells and macrophages promotes the development and progression of IBD. We developed an orally delivered hydrogel that(More)
Intestinal CD98 expression plays a crucial role in controlling homeostatic and innate immune responses in the gut. Modulation of CD98 expression in intestinal cells therefore represents a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment and prevention of inflammatory intestinal diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease. Here, the advantages of(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxysterols are implicated in various cellular processes. Among their target proteins, liver X receptors (LXRs) α and β modulate the cell cycle in a large range of cancer cell lines. Besides their role as cholesterol sensors, LXRs are also involved in the proliferation/apoptosis balance regulation in various types of cancers. AREAS COVERED(More)
PepT1 is a member of the proton-oligopeptide cotransporter family SLC15, which mediates the transport of di/tripeptides from intestinal lumen into epithelial cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a small noncoding RNAs (21-23 nucleotides), post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) of their target mRNAs. Although(More)
The increased risks conferred by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to the development of colorectal cancer gave rise to the term "colitis-associated cancer" and the concept that inflammation promotes colon tumorigenesis. A condition more common than IBD is low-grade inflammation, which correlates with altered gut microbiota composition and metabolic(More)
Oxysterols derive from cholesterol oxidation. They display various biological activities such as regulating cholesterol, fatty acid and glucose homeostasis as well as cell survival/apoptosis balance. Oxysterols display these metabolic and transcriptional activities mainly through their nuclear receptors known as Liver X Receptors (LXRs) α and β. There is(More)
Liver X receptors (LXR) are members of the nuclear receptor family. As activated transcription factors, their putative association with human diseases makes them promising pharmacological targets because of the large potential to develop ligands. LXR are mainly considered as intracellular cholesterol "sensors" whose activation leads to decreased plasma(More)