Learn More
PML, a RING finger protein with tumor suppressor activity, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute promyelocytic leukemia that arises following a reciprocal chromosomal translocation that fuses the PML gene with the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) gene. Immunocytochemical analysis has demonstrated that PML is co-localized with a novel(More)
BACKGROUND The acute-phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP) is an important risk factor for coronary heart disease. However, the possible effects of CRP on vascular cells are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested the effects of CRP on expression of adhesion molecules in both human umbilical vein and coronary artery endothelial cells. Expression of(More)
NEDD8 is a ubiquitin-like protein that controls vital biological events through its conjugation to cullin family members. Recently, we identified a negative regulator of the NEDD8 conjugation system, NUB1, which interacts with NEDD8 and down-regulates NEDD8 expression post-transcriptionally (Kito, K., Yeh, E. T. H., and Kamitani, T. (2001) J. Biol. Chem.(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and caspases have been implicated as potential mediators of cell death. However, their mechanistic relationship remains to be elucidated. Here we investigated the roles of caspases in apoptosis and necrosis induced by ROS, generated by the mixture of xanthine and xanthine oxidase (X/XO). A low concentration of XO (0.025 U/ml)(More)
NEDD8 is a ubiquitin-like molecule that can be covalently conjugated to a limited number of cellular proteins, such as Cdc53/cullin. We have previously reported that the C terminus of NEDD8 is efficiently processed to expose Gly-76, which is required for conjugation to target proteins. A combination of data base searches and polymerase chain reaction(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia arises following a reciprocal chromosome translocation t(15;17), which generates PML-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion proteins (PML-RARalpha). We have shown previously that wild type PML, but not PML-RARalpha, is covalently modified by the sentrin family of ubiquitin-like proteins (Kamitani, T., Nguyen, H. P., Kito, K.,(More)
Sentrin-1, also called SUMO-1, is a protein of 101 residues that is distantly related to ubiquitin and another ubiquitin-like protein, NEDD8. Here we report the cloning of a novel sentrin-specific protease, SENP1, which has no homology to the known de-ubiquitinating enzymes or ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolases. However, SENP1 is distantly related to the yeast(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) induces adhesion molecule expression by endothelial cells. However, the effects of CRP on chemokine expression by endothelial cells are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested the effects of CRP on the production of the chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and RANTES in cultured human umbilical vein(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is expressed in atherosclerotic plaques and in endothelial cells. The possible effects of PPARgamma activators on endothelial activation and inflammatory response within the plaque are currently unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested the hypothesis that PPARgamma activators inhibit(More)