Emilie Franceschini

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The analysis of the ultrasonic frequency-dependent backscatter coefficient of aggregating red blood cells reveals information about blood structural properties. The difficulty in applying this technique in vivo is due to the frequency-dependent attenuation caused by intervening tissue layers that distorts the spectral content of backscattering properties(More)
Ultrasonic tissue characterization has become an area of intensive research. This procedure generally relies on the analysis of the unprocessed echo signal. Because the ultrasound echo is degraded by the non-ideal system point spread function, a deconvolution step could be employed to provide an estimate of the tissue response that could then be exploited(More)
The structure factor model (SFM) is a scattering model developed to simulate the backscattering coefficient (BSC) of aggregated red blood cells (RBCs). However, the SFM can hardly be implemented to estimate the structural aggregate parameters in the framework of an inverse problem formulation. A scattering model called the effective medium theory combined(More)
Tissue-mimicking phantoms with high scatterer concentrations were examined using quantitative ultrasound techniques based on four scattering models: The Gaussian model (GM), the Faran model (FM), the structure factor model (SFM), and the particle model (PM). Experiments were conducted using 10- and 17.5-MHz focused transducers on tissue-mimicking phantoms(More)
Ultrasound characterization of erythrocyte aggregation (EA) is attractive because it is a non-invasive imaging modality that can be applied in vivo and in situ. An experimental validation of the Structure Factor Size Estimator (SFSE), a non-Rayleigh scattering model adapted for dense suspensions, was performed on 4 erythrocyte preparations with different(More)
The analysis of the ultrasonic frequency-dependent backscatter coefficient of aggregating red blood cells reveals information about blood structural properties. The difficulty in applying this technique in vivo is due to the frequency-dependent attenuation caused by intervening tissue layers that distorts the spectral content of signals backscattered by(More)
In this paper, a near-field tomographic solution is introduced to solve the imaging problem of fluid objects assumed to be weakly heterogeneous (Born approximation) and excited by spherical waves. The solution to the forward problem is based on the Huygens-Fresnel principle which describes the scattered field as the result of the interference scheme of all(More)
A computer simulation study to produce ultrasonic backscatter coefficients (BSCs) from red blood cell (RBC) clusters is discussed. The simulation algorithm is suitable for generating non-overlapping, isotropic, and fairly identical RBC clusters. RBCs were stacked following the hexagonal close packing (HCP) structure to form a compact spherical aggregate.(More)
Ultrasound tomography has considerable potential as a means of breast cancer detection because it reduces the operator-dependency observed in echography. A half-ring transducer array was designed based on breast anatomy, to obtain reflectivity images of the ductolobular structures using tomographic reconstruction procedures. The 3-MHz transducer array(More)
Ultrasonic backscattered signals from blood contain frequency-dependent information that can be used to obtain quantitative parameters reflecting the aggregation level of red blood cells (RBCs). The approach is based on estimating structural aggregate parameters by fitting the spectrum of the backscattered radio-frequency echoes from blood to an estimated(More)