Emilie Duvallet

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Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine composed of two subunits, p19 and p40. The p40 subunit is shared with IL-12. IL-23 and IL-12 have different receptors and different effects. Whereas IL-12 induces development of Th1 cells, which produce interferon-γ, IL-23 is involved in differentiation of Th17 cells in a pro-inflammatory context and(More)
Inflammation and angiogenesis are two tightly linked processes in arthritis, and therapeutic targeting of pro-angiogenic factors may contribute to control joint inflammation and synovitis progression. In this work, we explored whether vaccination against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) ameliorates collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Anti-VEGF(More)
Active anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α immunization with the kinoid of TNF-α (TNF-K) induces polyclonal anti-TNF-α antibodies and ameliorates arthritis in human TNF-α (hTNF-α) transgenic mice (TTg). We compared the efficacy of TNF-K to that of infliximab (IFX) and of TNF-K and IFX co-administration, and evaluated whether the titres of anti-hTNF-α(More)
The concept of therapeutic vaccination represents a novel strategy of active immunotherapy that can be applied to autoimmune disease. The principle is to design molecules which can trigger an immune response, targeting a cytokine that is pathogenic and over-expressed in a given disease. The mostly available vaccines are an application of vaccination using(More)
INTRODUCTION IL-23 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine essential for the differentiation of Th17 lymphocytes, a subtype of T lymphocyte implied in auto-immunity. IL-23 shares a subunit with IL-12, IL-12/23p40, and comprises a specific subunit, IL-23p19. We previously demonstrated that active immunization against entire TNF-α and against peptides of IL-1β was(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) blockade is an effective treatment for patients with TNF-α-dependent chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and psoriasis. TNF-α kinoid, a heterocomplex of human TNF-α and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (TNF-K), is an active immunotherapy targeting TNF-α. Since the TNF-K approach is(More)
Cellular immune reactions against non-self-epitopes require activation of cytotoxic CD8+ T-cells via cross-presentation of MHC class I-restricted peptides by professional antigen presenting cells (pAPCs), with the consequent detection and elimination of cells expressing the same antigens via the endogenous (direct) pathway. The source of peptides for the(More)
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