Emilie Arnault

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During the development of the nervous system, after a given number of divisions, progenitors exit the cell cycle and differentiate as neurons or glial cells. Some cells however do not obey this general rule and persist in a progenitor state. These cells, called stem cells, have the ability to self-renew and to generate different lineages. Understanding the(More)
An increasing body of evidence indicates that gene expression can be modulated by posttranscriptional mechanisms. RNA binding proteins, for instance, control gene expression at many regulatory levels including RNA splicing, transport, stability, and translation. Although numerous RNA binding proteins have been identified, very few have been studied(More)
Several studies have shown that apoptotic pathways control fragmentation of unfertilized ovulated oocyte, induced by doxorubicin. But very few have investigated the basis of this process, from prophase I to later stages. Our results revealed the presence of caspase-2(L), caspase-9, and caspase-3 in their zymogen and cleaved forms in the oocyte before(More)
We investigated whether uranium intoxication affects female fertility by assessing its effects on ovarian function and on the oocyte. We treated two groups of female mice for 15 weeks with 5, 50 or 400 mg/L of uranyl nitrate in drinking water. In the first group, mice were euthanized immediately after intoxication. Mice of the second group were paired after(More)
After in vitro maturation (IVM), isolation of the healthiest oocytes is essential for successful in vitro fertilization. As germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes resume meiosis through healthy or apoptotic pathways without discernable morphological criteria, we checked for an apoptotic element acting at the nucleus level. We hypothesized that caspase-6 with its(More)
As highlighted in this review, the phosphoinositide-phospholipase C pathway is strongly implicated in the control of mouse oocyte meiosis. The pathway becomes progressively functional as oocyte growth advances, and it appears to play a role in the G2/M transition when meiosis resumes, at least in the in vitro spontaneous model. Even if the inositol(More)
controls proliferation and neurogenesis in Xenopus anterior neural plate. Development 130, 5143-54. functions of Pax6 in eye development by conditional mutagenesis. Regulation of vertebrate eye development by Rx genes. territory by midbrain transformation upon overexpression of Six6 (Optx2) in Xenopus Anterior neurectoderm is progressively induced during(More)
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