Emilia Sinderewicz

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BACKGROUND In the cow, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acts as an auto-/paracrine factor, through its receptors LPAR1-4, on oocytes and cumulus cells during in vitro maturation (IVM). The aim of the present work was to determine the effect of LPA during IVM of bovine oocytes on: 1) oocyte maturation; 2) apoptosis of COCs; 3) expression of genes involved in(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a known cell signaling lipid mediator in reproductive tissues. In the cow, LPA is involved in luteal and early pregnancy maintenance. Here, we evaluated the presence and role of LPA in bovine early embryonic development. In relevant aspects, bovine embryos reflect more closely the scenario occurring in human embryos than the(More)
In order to study lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling associated with type 1 endometrial carcinoma (EC), we evaluated the LPA receptors (LPARs), autotaxin (ATX) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) expression in EC and normal endometrium with correlation to clinicopathological features. We investigated LPAR1, LPAR2, LPAR3, LPAR4, ATX and PLA2 expression at mRNA(More)
The objective of the study was to examine the effect of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on 17β-estradiol (E2) synthesis and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) action in bovine granulosa cells. We found that granulosa cells in the bovine antral follicle, in addition to the uterus and the CL, are also the site of LPA synthesis and the target for LPA action in the(More)
To determine whether glucocorticoids affect the function of the bovine corpus luteum (CL) during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, we examined the effects of exogenous cortisol or reduced endogenous cortisol on the secretion of progesterone (P4) and on pregnancy rate. In preliminary experiments, doses of cortisol and metyrapone (an inhibitor of(More)
We examined the effects of LPA on TNFα and IFNγ - induced decrease of P4 synthesis and on the cytokine - induced apoptosis of the cultured luteal cells. In the steroidogenic luteal cells LPA reversed the inhibitory effect of TNFα and IFNγ on P4 synthesis and also inhibited the stimulatory effects of TNFα and IFNγ on the expression of Bax, TNFR1, Fas and(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) together with its active G protein-coupled receptors are present in the corpus luteum (CL) of the cow. Under in vivo conditions, LPA stimulated P4 and PGE2 secretion during the luteal phase of the estrous cycle in heifers. Furthermore, LPA maintained P4 synthesis and actions in the bovine CL in vitro. However, the effect of this(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) exerts various actions on the mammalian reproductive system. In cows, LPA stimulates the synthesis and secretion of luteotropic factors in the ovary, which affects the growth and development of ovarian follicles. The role of LPA in granulosa cells, oocyte and oocyte-cumulus complex (COC) has previously been investigated; but its(More)
We examined whether lysophosphatidic acid affects prostaglandin biosynthesis, transport, and signalling in bovine steroidogenic luteal cells. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of LPA on PGE2 and PGF2α synthesis and on the expression of enzymes involved in PG biosynthesis (PTGS2, mPGES-1, cPGES, mPGES-2, PGFS and 9-KPR),(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a naturally occurring simple phospholipid which in the bovine reproductive system can be produced in the endometrium, corpus luteum, ovarian follicle and embryo. In this study, we examined the possibility that LPA receptors are expressed, and LPA synthesized, in the bovine oviduct. We found that the concentration of LPA was(More)