Emilia Sforza

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OBJECTIVES One major subject of discussion in sleep studies is whether bursts of K-complexes (K-bursts) and delta waves (D-bursts), expressions of a subcortical arousal, truly reflect an arousal response during sleep. To address this question we studied the changes in heart rate (HR) during spontaneous arousals in healthy subjects. METHODS Twenty-seven(More)
Heart rate fluctuations are a typical finding during obstructive sleep apnoea, characterised by bradycardia during the apnoeic phase and tachycardia at the restoration of ventilation. In this study, a time-frequency domain analysis of the nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) was evaluated as the single diagnostic marker for obstructive sleep apnoea(More)
OBJECTIVE The existence of a rapid eye movement (REM)-specific sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been suggested based on the finding of an association between sleepiness and respiratory disturbances confined primarily to REM sleep. The aim of the study was to define the frequency and the clinical and polysomnographic features of REM SDB in a large(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate other physiologic changes that occur with periodic leg movements during sleep (PLMS) that might be considered to be more sensitive indices of sleep fragmentation. BACKGROUND Although PLMS are associated with recurrent microarousals (MA), the frequency of PLMS with MA does not correlate with objective daytime sleepiness. It is(More)
Previous studies indicate that upper airway (UA) sensory receptors play a role in the maintenance of UA patency and contribute to arousal in response to airway occlusion. An impairment of UA sensory function could therefore predispose to UA obstruction during sleep. We hypothesized that UA sensation is impaired in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and that(More)
Increased pharyngeal collapsibility and abnormal anatomic structures have been postulated to contribute to the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome. It is unclear whether the abnormal craniofacial and soft tissue features may affect the pharyngeal collapsibility and contribute to the apnea density. In the present study we examine the(More)
Abnormalities of REM sleep i.e. absence of atonia and abnormal motor control which are described in patients with REM sleep behavior disorder, have induced clinical and physiopathological interest. Initial hypothesis of a simple dysfunction of REM sleep generators has not been confirmed. The prevalence in older subjects and in patients with parkinsonian(More)
BACKGROUND The obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), commonly defined as a combination of obesity and diurnal hypercapnia, is efficiently treated using nasal positive pressure ventilation (NPPV). The present study aimed to determine whether nocturnal polysomnography allows detection of respiratory disturbances occurring in patients with OHS treated with(More)
To define the parameters of respiratory insufficiency in OSA, 114 consecutive patients (108 men, six women) were prospectively studied. In addition to standard polysomnography, they underwent pulmonary function tests, right heart catheterization, and ventilatory response tests to hypercapnia. Nineteen patients (19 percent) had a resting PAP greater than or(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Sleep related breathing disorders (SRBD) are risk factors for cognitive dysfunction in middle-aged subjects, but this association has not been observed in the elderly. We assess the impact of SRBD on cognitive performance in a large cohort of healthy elderly subjects. DESIGN Cross-sectional study examining the association between(More)