Emilia Maellaro

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The possibility of detecting lipid peroxidation histochemically was investigated in liver tissue in vivo, in conditions in which the process has been demonstrated by biochemical methods. The technique was based on the detection of aldehyde functions with the use of the Schiff's reagent. The study was carried out on bromobenzene-intoxicated mice, which(More)
The mechanisms of bromobenzene toxicity in extrahepatic tissues of mice were studied. Kidney, lung, heart and brain were examined. As observed in this as well as in a previous report for the liver, bromobenzene intoxication caused a progressive decrease in the glutathione content of all the tissues examined. Cellular damage (as assessed by both biochemical(More)
Thiol-containing antioxidants such as N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) are known to inhibit apoptosis, although it is unclear whether this effect is direct or mediated through modulation of intracellular glutathione (GSH). In the present study, NAC treatment of the murine T-cell hybridoma DO-11.10 was found to inhibit apoptosis triggered by anti-CD3 antibody but(More)
The metabolism of glutathione by membrane-bound &ggr;-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) has been recently recognized as a basal source of hydrogen peroxide in the extracellular space. Significant levels of GGT activity are expressed by malignant tumours, and in melanoma cell lines they were found to correlate with the malignant behaviour. As hydrogen peroxide(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is the main intracellular thiol antioxidant, and as such participates in a number of cellular antitoxic and defensive functions. Nevertheless, non-antioxidant functions of GSH have also been described, e.g. in modulation of cell proliferation and immune response. Recent studies from our and other laboratories have provided evidence for a(More)
The expression of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), a plasma membrane ectoenzyme involved in the metabolism of extracellular reduced glutathione (GSH), is a marker of neoplastic progression in several experimental models, and occurs in a number of human malignant neoplasms and their metastases. Because it favors the supply of precursors for the synthesis(More)
An increased oxidative stress and a decreased life span of erythrocytes (RBCs) are reported in patients with diabetes. Aim of this study was to assess in RBCs from patients with type 2 diabetes whether downstream effector mechanisms of apoptosis, such as activation of caspase-3, is operative, and whether an iron-related oxidative imbalance, occurring inside(More)
It has been reported in several cell lines that exposure to low levels of reactive oxygen species can exert a stimulatory effect on their proliferation. We have previously shown that mild oxidative conditions can also counteract apoptotic stimuli. A constitutive cellular production of low levels of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide originates from various(More)
A study was undertaken to investigate whether some of the methods commonly used to detect lipid peroxidation of cellular membranes in vivo correlate with each other. The study was performed with the livers of bromobenzene-intoxicated mice, in which lipid peroxidation develops when the depletion of glutathione (GSH) reaches a threshold value. The methods(More)
The mechanisms of bromobenzene hepatotoxicity in vivo were studied in mice. The relationships among glutathione (GSH) depletion, lipid peroxidation, loss of protein thiols, disturbed calcium homeostasis and liver necrosis were investigated. Liver necrosis (as estimated by the serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) level) appeared between 9 and 12 hr(More)