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We present a new technique for audio signal comparison based on tonal subsequence alignment and its application to detect cover versions (i.e., different performances of the same underlying musical piece). Cover song identification is a task whose popularity has increased in the music information retrieval (MIR) community along in the past, as it provides a(More)
In this paper we propose a text represention for musical chord symbols that is simple and intuitive for musically trained individuals to write and understand, yet highly structured and unambiguous to parse with computer programs. When designing feature extraction algorithms, it is important to have a hand annotated test set providing a ground truth to(More)
We present a novel system for the automatic extraction of the main melody from polyphonic music recordings. Our approach is based on the creation and characterization of pitch contours, time continuous sequences of pitch candidates grouped using auditory streaming cues. We define a set of contour characteristics and show that by studying their distributions(More)
Although the process of analyzing an audio recording of a music performance is complex and difficult even for a human listener, there are limited forms of information that may be tractably extracted and yet still enable interesting applications. We discuss melody-roughly, the part a listener might whistle or hum-as one such reduced descriptor of music(More)
In this paper we evaluate two methods for key estimation from polyphonic audio recordings. Our goal is to compare between a strategy using a cognition-inspired model and several machine learning techniques to find a model for tonality (mode and key note) determination of polyphonic music from audio files. Both approaches have as an input a vector of values(More)
We present Essentia 2.0, an open-source C++ library for audio analysis and audio-based music information retrieval released under the Affero GPL license. It contains an extensive collection of reusable algorithms which implement audio input/output functionality, standard digital signal processing blocks, statistical characterization of data, and a large set(More)
This paper provides an overview of current state-of-the-art approaches for melody extraction from polyphonic audio recordings, and it proposes a methodology for the quantitative evaluation of melody extraction algorithms. We first define a general architecture for melody extraction systems and discuss the difficulties of the problem in hand; then, we review(More)
A huge amount of audio data is accessible to everyone by on-line or off-line information services and it is necessary to develop techniques to automatically describe and deal with this data in a meaningful way. In the particular context of music content processing it is important to take into account the melodic aspects of the sound. The goal of this(More)