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Near-infrared light propagation in various models of the adult head is analyzed by both time-of-flight measurements and mathematical prediction. The models consist of three- or four-layered slabs, the latter incorporating a clear cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) layer. The most sophisticated model also incorporates slots that imitate sulci on the brain surface.(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been used in studies of the cerebral hemodynamic response to visual processing. In this paper, we present theoretical results from finite element and Monte Carlo modeling in order to help understand the contribution to the NIR signal from different parts of the head. The results from the models show that at the typical(More)
The exact volume of brain tissue interrogated in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies of cerebral oxygenation in unknown, the inhomogeneity of the head and resulting variation in optical paths making determination of the interrogated volume difficult. In this study, the spatial sensitivity profiles in simple two-component inhomogeneous cylindrical(More)
This paper derives an analytical model for investigating the effect of the distribution of absorbers upon light attenuation in a scattering medium. Results from this are found to agree with those of Monte Carlo simulations. The implications of this model are then examined for their likely effect upon the measurement of cerebral blood volume (CBV) using(More)
To validate models of light propagation in biological tissue, experiments to measure the mean time of flight have been carried out on several solid cylindrical layered phantoms. The optical properties of the inner cylinders of the phantoms were close to those of adult brain white matter, whereas a range of scattering or absorption coefficients was chosen(More)
Adiabatic quantum computing has recently been used to factor 56153 [Dattani & Bryans, arXiv:1411.6758] at room temperature, which is orders of magnitude larger than any number attempted yet using Shor's algorithm (circuit-based quantum computation). However, this number is still vastly smaller than RSA-768 which is the largest number factored thus far on a(More)
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