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Using pH-sensitive microelectrodes to measure intracellular pH (pHi) in isolated, perfused proximal tubules of the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum, we have found that when cells are acid-loaded by pretreatment with NH+4 in a nominally HCO3--free Ringer, pHi spontaneously recovers with an exponential time course. This pHi recovery, which is indicative of(More)
We have used pH-, Na-, and Cl-sensitive microelectrodes to study basolateral HC03 transport in isolated, perfused proximal tubules of the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum. In one series of experiments, we lowered baso-lateral pH (pHb) from 7.5 to 6.8 by reducing [HCO3] ]b from 10 to 2 mM at a constant pCO2. This reduction of pHb and [HCO3] ]b causes a(More)
The regulation of K+-channel activity from the apical membrane of the rabbit cortical collecting tubule was studied using the patch-clamp technique. Using inside-out patches, channel open probability was determined as a function of calcium and barium concentration and transmembrane potential. Channel open probability was increased by raising bath(More)
Two electroneutral, Na+-driven HCO3- transporters, the Na+-driven Cl-/HCO3- exchanger and the electroneutral Na+/HCO3- cotransporter, have crucial roles in regulating intracellular pH in a variety of cells, including cardiac myocytes, vascular smooth-muscle, neurons and fibroblasts; however, it is difficult to distinguish their Cl- dependence in mammalian(More)
The chloride conductance of the basolateral cell membrane of theNecturus proximal tubule was studied using conventional and chloride-sensitive liquid ion exchange microelectrodes. Individual apical and basolateral cell membrane and shunt resistances, transepithelial and basolateral, cell membrane potential differences, and electromotive forces were(More)
The effect of organic substrates such as lactate, alanine, glutamine, glutamate, lysine, and butyrate is compared with that of glucose, and the role of tubular heterogeneity is assessed in Necturus proximal tubule. Fluid absorption (Jv) is enhanced 34% by the presence of all substrates together in the tubular lumen. Addition of glucose to the peritubular(More)
Cyclic nucleotides modulate potassium (K) channel activity in many cells and are thought to act indirectly by inducing channel protein phosphorylation. Herein we report the isolation from rabbit of a gene encoding a K channel (Kcn1) that is specifically activated by cGMP and not by cAMP. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence (725 amino acids)(More)
The electrogenic Na/HCO3 cotransporter (symporter) is the major HCO3- transporter of the renal proximal tubule (PiT), located at the basolateral membrane (BLM), and also plays a noteworthy role in Na+ reabsorption. HCO3 transporters are important for regulation of intracellular pH (pHi) in most cells and also thereby regulate blood pH. This electrogenic(More)