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We have used pH-, Na-, and Cl-sensitive microelectrodes to study basolateral HC03 transport in isolated, perfused proximal tubules of the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum. In one series of experiments, we lowered baso-lateral pH (pHb) from 7.5 to 6.8 by reducing [HCO3] ]b from 10 to 2 mM at a constant pCO2. This reduction of pHb and [HCO3] ]b causes a(More)
Two electroneutral, Na+-driven HCO3- transporters, the Na+-driven Cl-/HCO3- exchanger and the electroneutral Na+/HCO3- cotransporter, have crucial roles in regulating intracellular pH in a variety of cells, including cardiac myocytes, vascular smooth-muscle, neurons and fibroblasts; however, it is difficult to distinguish their Cl- dependence in mammalian(More)
Cyclic nucleotides modulate potassium (K) channel activity in many cells and are thought to act indirectly by inducing channel protein phosphorylation. Herein we report the isolation from rabbit of a gene encoding a K channel (Kcn1) that is specifically activated by cGMP and not by cAMP. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence (725 amino acids)(More)
The electrogenic Na/HCO3 cotransporter (symporter) is the major HCO3- transporter of the renal proximal tubule (PiT), located at the basolateral membrane (BLM), and also plays a noteworthy role in Na+ reabsorption. HCO3 transporters are important for regulation of intracellular pH (pHi) in most cells and also thereby regulate blood pH. This electrogenic(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is a transmembrane transporter causing efflux of a number of chemically unrelated drugs and is responsible for resistance to a variety of anticancer drugs during chemotherapy. Pgp overexpression in cells is also associated with volume-activated chloride channel activity; Pgp is thought to regulate such activity. Reversible(More)
Using pH-sensitive microelectrodes to measure intracellular pH (pHi) in isolated, perfused proximal tubules of the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum, we have found that when cells are acid-loaded by pretreatment with NH+4 in a nominally HCO3--free Ringer, pHi spontaneously recovers with an exponential time course. This pHi recovery, which is indicative of(More)
Rhbg is one of two recently cloned nonerythroid glycoproteins belonging to the Rh antigen family. Rhbg is expressed in basolateral membranes of intercalated cells of the kidney cortical collecting duct and some other cell types of the distal nephron and may function as NH(4)(+) transporters. The aim of this study was to characterize the role of Rhbg in(More)
Colonic K+ secretion stimulated by cholinergic agents requires activation of muscarinic receptors and the release of intracellular Ca2+. However, the precise mechanisms by which this rise in Ca2+ leads to K+ efflux across the apical membrane are poorly understood. In the present study, Northern blot analysis of rat proximal colon revealed the presence of(More)
The functional properties of the proximal tubule in the salamander Ambystoma tigrinum have been well characterized but its ultrastructure has not been examined. We therefore analyzed the qualitative and quantitative ultrastructure of the proximal tubule in this species as a basis for structure-function correlations. In addition, a comparative study between(More)
The functional properties of an epithelium are inextricably linked to its polarized structure. It has been difficult to study polarity at the level of the single cell, since most epithelial cells lose their polarity within minutes after dissociation. We have developed a preparation of native, dissociated, Ambystoma proximal tubule cells that maintain(More)