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PacBio RS, a newly emerging third-generation DNA sequencing platform, is based on a real-time, single-molecule, nano-nitch sequencing technology that can generate very long reads (up to 20-kb) in contrast to the shorter reads produced by the first and second generation sequencing technologies. As a new platform, it is important to assess the sequencing(More)
For many infectious agents, the detection of antibodies is critical for diagnosing, monitoring and understanding vaccine responses. To facilitate the highly quantitative and simultaneous analysis of antibodies against multiple proteins from infectious agents, we have developed Luciferase Immunoprecipitation Systems (LIPS) arrays. By configuring microtiter(More)
BACKGROUND There have been numerous reports of clustered outbreaks of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) at renal transplant centers over the past 2 decades. It has been unclear whether these outbreaks were linked epidemiologically to 1 or several unique strains, which could have implications for transmission patterns or strain virulence. METHODS Restriction(More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii is a major cause of life-threatening pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients including transplant recipients and those with HIV/AIDS, yet surprisingly little is known about the biology of this fungal pathogen. Here we report near complete genome assemblies for three Pneumocystis species that infect humans, rats and mice. Pneumocystis(More)
BACKGROUND An outbreak of 29 cases of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) occurred among renal and liver transplant recipients (RTR and LTR) in the largest Danish transplantation centre between 2007 and 2010, when routine PCP prophylaxis was not used. METHODS P. jirovecii isolates from 22 transplant cases, 2 colonized RTRs, and 19 Pneumocystis control(More)
Gene isoforms are commonly found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Since each isoform may perform a specific function in response to changing environmental conditions, studying the dynamics of gene isoforms is important in understanding biological processes and disease conditions. However, genome-wide identification of gene isoforms is technically(More)
Hyperthermia has long been used for cancer treatment, either alone or in combination with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both. Its efficacy and versatility continue to be well demonstrated in randomized trials across a number of primary cancers, but barriers to its widespread adoption persist including effective delivery and verification systems. This(More)
Infection with Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV; also called human herpesvirus-8) is common among men who have sex with men (MSM). Here, quantitative anti-KSHV antibody levels were measured using luciferase immunoprecipitation systems (LIPS) in an MSM cohort with and without HIV from the NIH Clinical Center. Antibodies were detected using a(More)
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