Emil J. Balthazar

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The presence and degree of pancreatic necrosis (30%, 50%, or greater than 50%) was evaluated by means of bolus injection of contrast material and dynamic sequential computed tomography (CT) in 88 patients with acute pancreatitis at initial and follow-up examinations. Pancreatic necrosis was defined as lack of enhancement of all or a portion of the gland.(More)
Treatment of patients with acute pancreatitis is based on the initial assessment of disease severity. Severe pancreatitis occurs in 20%-30% of all patients with acute pancreatitis and is characterized by a protracted clinical course, multiorgan failure, and pancreatic necrosis. Early staging is based on the presence and degree of systemic failure(More)
In 19 patients with closed-loop intestinal obstruction, including 16 patients with strangulating obstruction, the findings at examination with computed tomography (CT) were retrospectively correlated with the surgical and pathologic findings and evaluated by two radiologists. Signs of closed-loop obstruction, present in 15 patients, were associated with the(More)
In 83 patients with acute pancreatitis, the initial computed tomographic (CT) examinations were classified by degree of disease severity (grades A-E) and were correlated with the clinical follow-up, objective prognostic signs, and complications and death. The length of hospitalization correlated well with the severity of the initial CT findings. Abscesses(More)
The diagnosis of intestinal obstruction is established or suspected on clinical grounds, and it is usually confirmed with plain abdominal radiography. Because of significant limitations in the clinical and initial radiographic evaluations, antegrade or retrograde contrast-enhancement (barium, water-soluble media) studies are being additionally requested for(More)
The experience accumulated in daily abdominal CT scanning and CT evaluation of gastrointestinal lesions has generated helpful technical guidelines and some reliable principles of interpretation. These general principles are briefly discussed in this review, and the importance of performing a CT examination that is adequate for the detection and evaluation(More)
An International Symposium was held in Atlanta in 1992 to present the state of the art of diagnostic evaluation and management of acute pancreatitis and to agree on an acceptable series of clinical definitions for classifying the disease and its complications. The symposium was composed of 40 internationally recognized experts in pancreatic disease from 15(More)
OBJECTIVE Imaging of the vast array of pathologic processes occurring in the small bowel has been facilitated by recent advances, including the use of MDCT scanners that acquire isotropic data and neutral oral contrast agents that improve small-bowel distention. CONCLUSION This review shows how a systematic pattern approach can be used to narrow the(More)