Learn More
Working memory performance is influenced by dopamine activation of D1 family dopamine receptors in the prefrontal cortex; working memory performance is maximal at moderate stimulation of D1 family receptors and is reduced by either higher or lower levels of D1 stimulation. The neuronal mechanisms that underlie this complex relationship are not yet(More)
Prefrontal cortical functioning depends on dopaminergic neurotransmission, which in turn depends on a complex signal transduction pathway including protein phosphatase-1 (PP1). Targeted localization of PP1 by the scaffolding proteins, spinophilin and neurabin, is critical for dopaminergic modulation of glutamate neurotransmission. In this study, we report(More)
Blockade of D2 family dopamine receptors (D2Rs) is a fundamental property of antipsychotics, and the degree of striatal D2R occupancy has been related to antipsychotic and motor effects of these drugs. Recent studies suggest the D2R occupancy of antipsychotics may differ in extrastriatal regions compared with the dorsal striatum. We studied this issue in(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) mediate important modulatory glutamatergic influences throughout the brain. However, the specific localization and functions of group I mGluR subtypes (mGluR1alpha and mGluR5) in cortical neurotransmission are not well known, particularly in primates. To address this issue, we used immunoelectron microscopy to(More)
Dopamine, acting at the D1 family receptors (D1R) is critical for the functioning of the amygdala, including fear conditioning and cue-induced reinstatement of drug self administration. However, little is known about the different contributions of the two D1R subtypes, D(1) and D(5). We identified D(1)-immunoreactive patches in the primate that appear(More)
BACKGROUND Altered NMDA receptor subunit protein levels have been reported in various regions of the schizophrenic brain; however, chronic antipsychotic administration in schizophrenic subjects may confound interpretation. METHODS The effects of chronic antipsychotic drug administration (haloperidol and clozapine) on protein levels of NR1, NR2A and NR2B(More)
The brain circuitry thought to be involved in stress responses includes several nuclei of the extended amygdala. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is thought to be involved in the generation of sustained, nonspecific anxiety. Previous behavioral and electrophysiological experiments demonstrate that glutamate systems are involved in anxiety-like(More)
Functional variations in cerebral cortical activity are accompanied by local changes in blood flow, but the mechanisms underlying this physiological coupling are not well understood. Here we report that dopamine, a neurotransmitter normally associated with neuromodulatory actions, may directly affect local cortical blood flow. Using light and(More)
Activation of group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2/3) in the amygdala plays a critical role in the regulation of fear and anxiety states. Previous studies using nonselective agonists have suggested this action can result from activation of either pre- or postsynaptic mGluR2/3. Here, we have used a combination of whole-cell patch clamp recording(More)