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In mammals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the circadian pacemaker, receives light information via the retina and functions in the entrainment of circadian rhythms and in phasing the seasonal responses of behavioral and physiological functions. To better understand photoperiod-related alterations in the SCN physiology, we analyzed the clock gene(More)
A number of mutations in coding and noncoding regions of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have previously been studied. In the present study, we simultaneously typed six mutation sites in the coding region by use of amplified product-length polymorphism (APLP) analysis. The mtDNA variations of 2471 individuals from 20 populations of Japanese, Korean, Chinese, and(More)
Using the mPer1::luc real-time monitoring technique, the authors observed the bimodal patterns of mPer1 bioluminescence on each side of the SCN, in parallel with maintaining synchronization between the left and right sides of the SCN under an artificial light:dark:light:dark (LDLD) 7:5:7:5 condition. In situ hybridization analysis of mPer1 and mBmal1 mRNA(More)
A short tandem repeat (STR) in the intron 1a of paternally imprinted gene, KCNQ1, is evaluated as a new probe for use in parentally imprinting allele (PIA) typing. This typing can determine the inheritance of one allele from father by the methylation difference. Allelic and genotypic frequencies of the STR were determined using samples from 175 unrelated(More)
Genetic alteration of the p53 gene was examined in tissue specimens of primary gallbladder cancer (GBC) using PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and direct sequencing analyses. The p53 gene mutation was detected in five of the 16 GBC cases examined (31%). All five cases showed single point mutations; four were mutations resulting in amino(More)
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) typing of ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) genes was performed with a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for species identification. A variable region of the 28S ribosomal RNA gene was amplified with primers complementary to flanking sequences phylogenetically well conserved. The products of twelve animal DNAs (human,(More)
Conventional PCR-based genotyping is useful for forensic testing but cannot be used to determine parental origins of alleles in DNA specimens. Here we describe a novel method of combined conventional genotyping and PIA typing (parentally imprinted allele typing) at a minisatellite region upstream from the H19 locus. The PIA typing uses two sets of primers(More)
Forensic DNA samples have been examined to ascertain the feasibility of a sex-typing procedure that we have recently developed. This uses two sets of primers complementary to the DXZ4 and SRY genes for polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR target in the DXZ4, an 80-bp sequence within the 130-bp fragment specific to females, is generated from inactive(More)
Allele frequencies of three short tandem repeat loci, vWF, TH and GCG, were examined for 210 unrelated Japanese individuals. Eight alleles were identified with PCR and gel electrophoresis for vWF, 7 for TH and 13 for GCG, indicating that these loci are highly polymorphic. Combined discrimination power of the 3 STRs was 0.995. These results imply that the(More)
A nucleotide polymorphism of C or T was detected at position 465 in the sex-determining region Y (SRY) gene. To evaluate the utility of this dimorphism in human population studies, the frequency and the frequency of the haplotype combined with the two polymorphic loci YAP and M9 were examined in a total of 130 unrelated Japanese and 130 unrelated German(More)