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We have isolated two novel Krüppel-like zinc finger proteins containing the evolutionarily conserved Krüppel-associated box (KRAB), KRAZ1 and KRAZ2, and demonstrated that they repress transcription when heterologously targeted to DNA. Their repression activity appeared to be mediated by the putative corepressor KAP-1 (KRAB-associated protein-1), because… (More)
A highly chemiluminescent reporter molecule, acridinium ester (AE), was tethered to single-stranded oligonucleotide probes and hybridized to complementary as well as mismatched target sequences. When tethered to single-stranded probes, AE was readily hydrolyzed by water or hydroxide ion. In contrast, when hybridized to a complementary target, hydrolysis of… (More)
We searched hop extract for active component(s) that inhibited bone resorption in the pit formation assay, and isolated xanthohumol and humulone as active ingredients. Especially humulone had extraordinarily strong inhibitory activity and the IC50 (concentration of 50% inhibition) value was 5.9 x 10(-9)M.
To investigate the mechanisms of peroxisome assembly and the molecular basis of peroxisome assembly disorders, we isolated and characterized a peroxisome-deficient CHO cell mutant, ZP139, which was found to belong to human complementation group II, the same group as that of our earlier mutant, ZP105. These mutants had a phenotypic deficiency in the import… (More)
Transposable elements impact genome function by altering gene expression and causing chromosome rearrangements. As a result, organisms have evolved mechanisms, such as RNA-interference, to minimize the level of transposition. However, organisms without the conserved RNAi pathways, like Saccharomyces cerevisiae, must use other mechanisms to prevent… (More)
Ty1, a long terminal repeat retrotransposon of Saccharomyces, is structurally and functionally related to retroviruses. However, a differentiating aspect between these retroelements is the diversity of the replication strategies used by long terminal repeat retrotransposons. To understand the structural organization of cis-acting elements present on Ty1… (More)
Krüppel-associated box-containing zinc finger proteins (KRAB-ZFPs) repress transcription via functional interaction with the corepressor KRAB-associated protein-1 (KAP-1). KAP-1 directly interacts with heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), a dose-dependent regulator of heterochromatin-mediated silencing. Here we show that two KRAB-ZFPs that we previously… (More)
The hydroxyl- and superoxide-radical-eliminating ability of water-soluble biosubstances was examined by ESR combined with the spin-trapping method, indicating a median inhibitory dose, ID(h)(50) (mM) and id(h)(50) (mg/mL) for the hydroxyl radical, and ID(s)(50) (mM) and id(s)(50) (mg/mL) for the superoxide radical. Both the 1/[ID(h)(50) (mM)] and… (More)
A new detection method for human parvovirus B19 DNA was established using PCR coupled with a hybridization protection assay. The amplified product was detected using acridinium ester-labeled DNA probes. By this method, a few copies of B19 DNA were detected in human serum albumin.