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We have isolated two novel Krüppel-like zinc finger proteins containing the evolutionarily conserved Krüppel-associated box (KRAB), KRAZ1 and KRAZ2, and demonstrated that they repress transcription when heterologously targeted to DNA. Their repression activity appeared to be mediated by the putative corepressor KAP-1 (KRAB-associated protein-1), because(More)
A highly chemiluminescent reporter molecule, acridinium ester (AE), was tethered to single-stranded oligonucleotide probes and hybridized to complementary as well as mismatched target sequences. When tethered to single-stranded probes, AE was readily hydrolyzed by water or hydroxide ion. In contrast, when hybridized to a complementary target, hydrolysis of(More)
To investigate the mechanisms of peroxisome assembly and the molecular basis of peroxisome assembly disorders, we isolated and characterized a peroxisome-deficient CHO cell mutant, ZP139, which was found to belong to human complementation group II, the same group as that of our earlier mutant, ZP105. These mutants had a phenotypic deficiency in the import(More)
Transposable elements impact genome function by altering gene expression and causing chromosome rearrangements. As a result, organisms have evolved mechanisms, such as RNA-interference, to minimize the level of transposition. However, organisms without the conserved RNAi pathways, like Saccharomyces cerevisiae, must use other mechanisms to prevent(More)
Ty1, a long terminal repeat retrotransposon of Saccharomyces, is structurally and functionally related to retroviruses. However, a differentiating aspect between these retroelements is the diversity of the replication strategies used by long terminal repeat retrotransposons. To understand the structural organization of cis-acting elements present on Ty1(More)
Krüppel-associated box-containing zinc finger proteins (KRAB-ZFPs) repress transcription via functional interaction with the corepressor KRAB-associated protein-1 (KAP-1). KAP-1 directly interacts with heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1), a dose-dependent regulator of heterochromatin-mediated silencing. Here we show that two KRAB-ZFPs that we previously(More)
The hydroxyl- and superoxide-radical-eliminating ability of water-soluble biosubstances was examined by ESR combined with the spin-trapping method, indicating a median inhibitory dose, ID(h)(50) (mM) and id(h)(50) (mg/mL) for the hydroxyl radical, and ID(s)(50) (mM) and id(s)(50) (mg/mL) for the superoxide radical. Both the 1/[ID(h)(50) (mM)] and(More)
A new detection method for human parvovirus B19 DNA was established using PCR coupled with a hybridization protection assay. The amplified product was detected using acridinium ester-labeled DNA probes. By this method, a few copies of B19 DNA were detected in human serum albumin.