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Arylhydrocarbon receptor knock-out, AhR(-/-), mice have recently been shown to be rather resistant to benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P)-induced tumor formation, probably reflecting the inability of these mice to express significant levels of cytochrome P450 (P450 or CYP) 1A1 that activates B[a]P to reactive metabolites (Y. Shimizu, Y. Nakatsuru, M. Ichinose, Y.(More)
Tissue-specific induction of mRNA of cytochrome P450 (P450 or CYP) 1A1 and 1B1 by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was investigated in wild and arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-deficient C57BL/6J mice. Ratios of mRNA expression of CYP1A1 or CYP1B1 over beta-actin were determined and used to compare levels of(More)
1. To determine the biological effects of 23 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, the dose-response studies of the induction of CYP1-dependent xenobiotic oxidation activities by these chemicals in liver microsomes of C57BL/6J mice were studied. 2. In arylhydrocarbon-responsive C57BL/6J mice, the liver microsomal(More)
BACKGROUND Airway allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis, have increased, especially in urban areas. These diseases are characterized by airway inflammation with enhanced eosinophil activity, and the risk of disease development has been shown to increase with the prevalence of atopy. METHODS Questionnaires were administered to(More)
The involvement of urban living environments in IgE-increase (atopy) and ECP-increase (enhanced eosinophil activity), the inter-relationship of IgE-increase and ECP-increase, and their involvement in developing airway allergic symptoms were studied on a population of adult nonsmoking women, in order to elucidate the latent factors aggravating airway(More)
The aggravation of bronchial asthma in today's urban child population was studied by an epidemiological study in order to elucidate the involvement of indoor air pollution in relation to housing style. The asthma group consisted of 210 children under 12 years old who had been recently diagnosed as having bronchial asthma and under the care of Osaka(More)
OBJECTIVES The involvement of tightly insulated housing conditions and passive smoking in atopic sensitization, a major risk factor for airway allergy, was examined with nonsmoking adult women and school-age children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The subjects were 382 nonsmoking healthy adult women (housewives) who underwent medical examinations for prevention of(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the living environment factors that increase the risk of allergic sensitization to house dust mites, we applied a regression binary tree-based method (CART, Classification & Regression Trees) to an epidemiological study on airway allergy. The utility of the tree map in personal sanitary guidance for preventing allergic sensitization was(More)
The aggravation of bronchial asthma in today's urban child population was studied by an epidemiological study in order to elucidate the involvement of food habits as well as individual factors such as age, sex, and history of atopic dermatitis, and the interaction with urban living environments. The asthma group consisted of 202 children under 12 years old(More)
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