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Within the EU FP6 project OSIRIS approaches to Integrated Testing Strategies (ITSs) were developed, with the aim to facilitate the use of non-test and non-animal testing information in regulatory risk assessment of chemicals. This paper describes an analytical Weight-of-Evidence (WoE) approach to an ITS for the endpoint of skin sensitisation. It(More)
Under the current EU chemical regulation REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals), revised plant protection products and biocides directives, evaluation of endocrine disrupting properties of chemicals becomes a regulatory need. Transcriptional activation (TA) testing of estrogen receptors (ERs) could be one important(More)
The currently available animal-free methods for the detection of skin sensitizing potential of chemicals seem promising. However, no single method is able to comprehensively represent the complexity of the processes involved in skin sensitization. To ensure a mechanistic basis and cover the complexity, multiple methods should be integrated into a testing(More)
In the two years since the last workshop report, the environment surrounding the prediction of skin sensitisation hazards has experienced major change. Validated non-animal tests are now OECD Test Guidelines. Accordingly, the recent cross sector workshop focused on how to use in vitro data for regulatory decision-making. After a review of general approaches(More)
A structural analysis of the substrate specificity of hydrolytic dehalogenases originating from three different bacterial isolates has been performed using the multiple computer-automated structure evaluation methodology. This methodology identifies structural fragments in substrate molecules that either activate or deactivate biological processes. The(More)
Respiratory sensitization provides a case study for a new approach to chemical safety evaluation, as the prevalence of respiratory sensitization has increased considerably over the last decades, but animal and/or human experimental/predictive models are not currently available. Therefore, the goal of a working group was to design a road map to develop an(More)
Three existing models and one newly developed model for the prediction of ready biodegradability of organic compounds are evaluated by comparing the descriptors they use, and the consistency of the models when applied to the set of High Production Volume Chemicals (HPVC) in the European Union. Linear regression models developed for the OECD showed the best(More)
Read-across as a non-animal testing alternative for the generation of risk assessment data can be useful in those cases where quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models are not available, or are less well developed. This paper provides read-across case studies for the estimation of the aquatic toxicity of five different fragrance substances,(More)
In environmental risk assessment, Species Sensitivity Distributions (SSDs) can be applied to estimate a PNEC (Predicted No-Effect Concentration) for a chemical substance, when sufficient data on species toxicities are available. The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) recommendation is 10 biological species. The question addressed in this paper, is whether(More)
Current suggestions towards amending the OECD two-generation protocol include omission of the second generation and inclusion of additional parameters. This study analysed the relative parameter sensitivity in 18 individually published multi-generation studies with substances toxic to fertility. Among parameters that most often determined the reproductive(More)