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The aim of this study was to examine the nature of fibre-type redistribution in relation to fibre metabolic profile in the vastus lateralis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and COPD subtypes. Fifteen COPD patients (eight with emphysema stratified by high-resolution computed tomography) and 15 healthy control subjects were studied. A(More)
This review describes the usefulness of monitoring the activity level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and its isoenzyme pattern as indicators of pathological conditions in the lungs, such as cell damage or inflammation. Cytoplasmatic cellular enzymes, like LDH, in the extracellular space, although of no further metabolic function in this space, are still of(More)
Despite the fact that muscle weakness is a major problem in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), detailed information on myopathological changes at the microscopic level in these patients is scarce, if indeed available at all. Vastus lateralis biopsies of 15 COPD weight-stable patients (body mass index (BMI) 23.9+/-1.0 kg x m(-2); fat-free mass(More)
This study demonstrates for the first time that respiratory epithelial cells are able to produce the acute phase protein lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP), which is known to play a central role in the defense to bacterial endotoxins (or LPS). Indications for local presence of LBP in human lung was obtained via reverse transcriptase/polymerase(More)
To contribute to evidence-based policy making, a dynamic Dutch population model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) progression was developed. The model projects incidence, prevalence, mortality, progression and costs of diagnosed COPD by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease-severity stage for 2000-2025, taking into account(More)
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at increased risk of osteoporosis. However, the prevalence, correlates and effectiveness of treatment of osteoporosis in COPD patients remain unclear. We performed a systematic review of the literature to answer three questions. 1) What is the prevalence of osteoporosis in COPD? 2) What are(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often characterized by an impaired skeletal muscle energy metabolism, which is at least partly related to chronic hypoxia and a reduced diffusing capacity. We have found that muscle glutamate (Glu), which is negatively influenced by these conditions, was reduced in patients with severe COPD. The aim of this(More)
Early lactic acidosis has been suggested as negatively influencing the exercise capacity of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We conducted a study to investigate whether the early lactate (La) response to exercise in COPD is related to alterations in exercise-related substrate levels in resting muscle, associated with physical(More)
BACKGROUND An elevated resting energy expenditure (REE) commonly occurs in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an increased REE on total daily energy expenditure (TDE) in 20 patients with COPD (19 men) with mean (SD) forced expiratory volume in one second of 37 (14)% predicted. (More)
PURPOSE In this study we evaluated the usefulness of MR-imaging in the detection of asymptomatic brain metastases (BM) at the initial diagnosis in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and studied the follow-up of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS One-hundred and twenty-five patients with SCLC were investigated with MR-imaging. RESULTS In 112(More)